Counter assault is the only bear deterrent the meets or over IGBC recommendations. The 8.1 oz. Unit has actually a spray time that 7.2 seconds and also a spray distance of 30 ft. The 10.2 oz. Unit has actually a spray time the 9.2 seconds and also a spray street of 32 ft. Counter Assault, headquartered in Kalispell, MT, is the brand carried by park rangers in Glacier and also Yellowstone.

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Bear attacks is a thorough examine of bear attacks on humans. This is the sometimes horrific, yet constantly instructive, story of bears & Humans, created by the leading clinical authority in the field, Stephen Herrero. This book is because that anyone who camps, hikes, or visits bear country, or wants to learn much more about be afflicted with behavior.
Hiking in bear Country
As you"re probably currently aware, Glacier nationwide Park is be affected by each other country, and also is residence to both black bears and also grizzly bears. For those wishing to venture into Glacier"s backcountry, one of the very first questions that involves mind is just how to have a safe expedition while hiking v bears.

One of the ideal ways to ensure a safe hike is to take trip in a group of three or much more people. Professionals recommend 4 or also groups of five individuals. The noise native footfalls and talking is usually enough to alert bear of approaching humans. Happily Glacier has a relatively extensive program of ranger led hikes that administer hikers through the opportunity to hike in the safety and security of a group. This ranger led hikes are available during the summer months, administer inside understanding of the park and also natural world, and also visit a selection of destinations throughout the park. You have the right to click right here for a schedule.

Short that hiking through a huge group, the finest thing you have the right to do is learn how to protect against a surprised encounter through a bear, determine the difference between black and also grizzly bears, what you have to do if you check out one top top the trail, and what you can do if a be affected by each other acts aggressively in the direction of you.

Just to keep things in perspective, though, be afflicted with encounters are very rare. Consider that approximately two million human being visit Glacier each year, and much more than one million venture into the backcountry. ~ above average, there are just one or two non-lethal be afflicted with "incidents" in a given year. And, there have only to be 10 bear related fatalities in the background of the park (all that those have emerged since 1967). Only three of those fatalities connected hikers, and also at the very least two the those were solo hikers.

Avoiding surprised Encounters

Noise is your ideal friend as soon as it come to avoiding bears while the end on the trail. Bears will certainly usually relocate out that the means if castle hear civilization approaching. Shouting out "hey bear" and clapping hands loudly every few minutes are terrific ways of do your presence known. Numerous hikers think they have the right to rely on be afflicted with bells; however, this is most likely to be a mistake. For the most component bear bells room pretty useless. The noise created by the bells usually doesn"t lug well, and are completely useless in public conditions, near streams, and also in open terrain.

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People frequently assume they don"t have to make noise when hiking on a well-used trail. Some of the most generally used trails in the park, such as Iceberg Lake or Grinnell Glacier, room surrounded by terrific bear habitat. Civilization have been charged and injured by bears fleeing from quiet hikers that unwittingly surprised them follow me the trail. Even if other hikers haven"t seen any kind of bears on any kind of given section of trail, don’t assume that bears aren"t present.

Also, don"t i think a bear"s listening is any far better than yours. Various trail conditions can do it hard for bear to see, hear, or odor approaching hikers. Be an especially careful close to streams and also waterfalls, versus the wind, or in dense vegetation. A blind corner or a rise in the trail additionally requires unique attention.

The ideal thing to perform is come make sure you do a most noise, remain alert at every times, and avoid the habit of looking down at the trail all the time.

You should likewise avoid dead animals, as bears will certainly feed ~ above carcasses for days. If you execute come across an pet carcass, retreat the method you came in, and report the finding come a ranger as soon as possible.

Identifying black color Bears and also Grizzly Bears

It"s crucial to be able to tell the difference in between a black bear and also a grizzly bear. This will assist you decide your course of action in the event of one encounter with a bear, together the two varieties will react in different way in the same situation.

Color alone isn"t a trusted indicator the species. Contradictory to their name, black bears likewise come in brown, cinnamon, and also blond. A black color bears" facial profile is straighter native the pointer of nose to the ears, contrasted to the dished-in look at of the grizzly. They absence the hump, common in grizzlies, and also have shorter claws, generally roughly one and a half inches long. Adult black color bear males average around 220 pounds, while adult females average around 140 pounds. On average, black bears space two and also a half to 3 feet as soon as standing on all fours.

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Grizzlies, prefer black bears, come in a variety of colors. Lock can selection from blond hair to almost black. Periodically they have actually silver-tipped guard hair that give them a "grizzled" appearance. Grizzlies regularly have a dished-in face and a huge hump of heavy muscle above the shoulders. Their claws are approximately four inches long. Grizzlies usually weigh roughly 300-600 pounds, yet can thrive up to 1,400 pounds. Adult grizzlies have the right to be six feet or more when stand on hind legs, and three to four feet when standing on all fours. Based upon a multi-year DNA study, it"s estimated that there are around 300 grizzly bears living within Glacier nationwide Park.

What must you execute if you check out a bear?

What have to you perform if you encounter a bear while hiking? Unfortunately, there"s no straightforward answer to that question. Like people, bear react in different ways to each situation.

Bears may show up tolerant that people, yet then attack without warning. A bear"s body language can help determine that is mood. In general, bears display agitation by swaying your heads, huffing, and also clacking your teeth. Lowered head and laid-back ears additionally indicate aggression. Bears may stand on your hind foot or strategy to get a better view, however these actions room not necessarily indicators of aggression. The bear might not have figured out you as a person and is unable to odor or hear friend from a distance.

I strongly urge you to watch the be affected by each other Safety video clip on the Glacier website. Park Wildlife Biologist john Waller discusses be afflicted with behavior and demonstrates some of the things you can do if you encounter a bear on the trail.

Also, for the safety of other hikers, it"s ideal to report any bear sightings come a ranger as quickly as possible.

What if a bear acts aggressively towards you?

The vast bulk of bear assaults have occurred because human being have surprised a bear. In this kind of case the be afflicted with may assault as a defensive maneuver.

In rare cases bears may strike at night or after stalking people. This have the right to be really serious since it often way the bear is searching for food and is preying on you. If friend are struck at night, or if you feel you have been stalked and attacked as prey, shot to escape. If you cannot escape, or if the be afflicted with follows, use pepper spray, or scream and shot to intimidate the bear v a branch or rock. Do everything it takes to let the bear know you room not straightforward prey.

If you carry out surprise a bear, here are a few guidelines to monitor that may help:

Talk quiet or not at all; the moment to do loud noise is prior to you conference a bear. Try to detour around the be affected by each other if possible.

Do not run! ago away slowly, but stop if it appears to agitate the bear.

Assume a nonthreatening posture. Rotate sideways, or bending at the knees to show up smaller.

Use peripheral vision. Bears may interpret straight eye contact as threatening.

Drop something (not food) to distract the bear. Keep your load on for protection in situation of an attack.

If a be afflicted with attacks and also you have actually pepper spray, use it!

If the bear renders contact, defend your chest and abdomen through falling to the soil on your stomach, or i think a fetal position to minimize the severity of one attack. Cover the earlier of her neck with your hands. Donot move until you"re particular the bear has actually left.

Bear Spray

This aerosol pepper derivative root cause temporarily incapacitating discomfort in bears. It"s a non-toxic, non-lethal method of deterring bears. There have actually been situations where bear spray reportedly repelled wild or attacking bears. Yet there are accounts where it didn"t occupational as expected. Determinants influencing performance include distance, wind, merganser weather, temperature extremes and product shelf life.

If you decision to bring bear spray, use it only in instances where aggressive bear actions justifies that is use. Be affected by each other spray is plan to it is in sprayed right into the face of one oncoming bear. The is no intended come act as a repellent.

Do not spray gear or your camp v bear spray.

Under no circumstances should bear spray produce a false feeling of protection or offer as a substitute for standard safety and security precautions in be afflicted with country.

Also, be conscious that you might not be able to cross the U.S./Canada border through some brands of pepper spray. Canadian custom-mades specifications need that all canisters of pepper spray be labeled for use on bears. They will certainly not allow small canisters designed come deter person attackers into the country.

Additional Information

For much more information on bear in Glacier, you re welcome click here.

For an ext information on be afflicted with behavior, ecology, and management in Glacier, please click here.

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For more in-depth information, the college of Alberta in Canada has some great and an important information concerning Bear Safety, Awareness & Avoidance on their website. The web page covers an array of issues regarding bears, consisting of understanding be affected by each other behavior, how to react to be afflicted with encounters, be afflicted with deterrents, and also how to protect against bear problems. There"s a many of really useful info here.