Medically the evaluation by Cynthia Cobb, DNP, APRN, WHNP-BC, FAANP — created by Beth Sissons on November 14, 2019

It is common to shed a details amount of hair every day. If hair drops out in more far-reaching amounts than usual, that can reason distress and worry.

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While male and female pattern baldness is a primary cause of hair loss, over there is a range of other reasons. A medical professional will desire to check out these prior to recommending the proper treatment.

In this article, we look in ~ the leading reasons of hair loss, the treatment available, and also home care tips for staying clear of further loss.


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Share on PinterestPossible reasons of hair loss incorporate androgenetic alopecia, pregnancy, and also telogen effluvium.
Androgenetic alopecia is another term for masculine or female pattern baldness. The is a an extremely common reason of hair loss.

Both male and female sample baldness is genetic. Males often tend to lose hair native the temples and also crown that the head. In females, hair normally becomes thinner anywhere the head.

Androgenetic alopecia is an ext likely to take place as a human being ages however can begin at any allude after puberty. Numerous females who endure androgenetic alopecia build it after going with the menopause. This way that hormones may have something to do with it.

It is possible to act this condition with minoxidil, a medication because that hair growth.

2. Pregnancy

Some women may experience too much hair loss shortly after providing birth. This is because of a decrease in estrogen levels. This form of hair lose is a temporary condition and usually resolves within a year or sooner.

To help hair return to its normal condition, try:

using a volumizing shampoo and conditionerusing products designed because that fine hairavoiding extensive conditioners or conditioning shampoos as these can be too hefty for well hairapplying conditioner to the ends of the hair, fairly than the scalp, to protect against weighing hair down

3. Telogen effluvium

Telogen effluvium is a problem where the hair remains in the telogen (natural shedding) phase of the expansion cycle. This causes much more hair to loss out, occasionally in handfuls.

Telogen effluvium is generally a temporary condition that resolves over time. It is advisable to view a medical professional to uncover out the cause.

Some feasible causes include:

surgerychildbirthrapid load losscertain medications

A doctor will must treat any underlying causes of telogen effluvium.

If a doctor suspects that particular medications are causing hair loss, they may adjust them.

4. Anagen effluvium

Anagen effluvium causes big amounts the hair to loss out rapidly during the anagen (growth) phase of the hair cycle.

The problem may reason hair to loss out from the head, and from various other parts of the body, including eyebrows and also eyelashes.

Causes of anagen effluvium include:

radiation

Treatment for this condition depends top top the cause but can include a topical solution of minoxidil.

If a person has actually anagen effluvium as a result of experience chemotherapy, cooling the scalp during the procedure may help. Hair will often grow back 3–6 month after avoiding chemotherapy.

5. Alopecia areata

Alopecia areata is one autoimmune problem that causes hair to autumn out suddenly. The immune system strikes hair follicles, in addition to other healthy parts that the body.

Hair from the scalp, and eyebrows and also eyelashes, may fall out in little chunks.

If a person has this condition, they must see a doctor. A doctor may prescribe medicine to help the hair flourish back.

6. Traction alopecia

Traction alopecia is hair loss due to pulling hair right into tight hairstyles, which causes it to break and also come loose. Hairstyles linked with this condition include:

tight buns or ponytailsbraidscornrowsextensions

If traction alopecia continues, a human may develop bald spots and thinning of the hair.

In regards to self-care, avoiding tight hairstyles will typically prevent more damage.

7. Medications

Certain medications have side impacts that can cause hair to loss out.

Examples the such medications include:

blood thinners, such as warfarincholesterol-lowering drugs, such together Lopid

If a human being thinks hair loss might be due to a medicine they room taking, castle should take into consideration seeing a medical professional for an assessment. The doctor might have the ability to reduce the dosage or move the person to a various medication.

8. Nutritional deficiencies

Nutritional deficiencies can reason hair to fall out. Extreme diets that room too short in protein and particular vitamins, such together iron, deserve to sometimes reason excessive hair shedding.

A human should watch a physician for a blood test to examine if they have actually a nutritional deficiency that could be resulting in their hair to autumn out.

9. Birth manage pills

People might experience hair loss while making use of birth regulate pills. Others can experience hair loss numerous weeks or months after they prevent taking them.

If human being are acquisition birth manage pills, lock can choose one that has a low androgen index. This may aid to reduced the risk of hair loss.

Examples that birth control pills with a lower androgen table of contents include:

DesogenOrtho-CeptOrtho-Cyclen

Ovral and also Loestrin have actually a greater androgen index.

Other develops of birth manage that impact the hormones, such together implants and skin patches, may also cause hair loss.

The American Hair lose Association recommend that human being who have actually an raised risk of hereditary hair lose opt for a non-hormonal type of birth control.

10. Ringworm

Ringworm is a fungal epidemic that can cause hair loss. Ringworm on the scalp, or tinea capitis, can cause temporary bald areas on the head.

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Symptoms include:

a little spot that gets bigger, bring about scaly, fully patches that skinbrittle hair that division easilyitchy, red spot of skin in the impacted areasoozing blisters ~ above the scalpring-like patches, v a red outside and also the inside of the circle equivalent the skin tone

If ringworm does no heal through itself, then a doctor may prescribe an antifungal medicine. Alternatively, they may prescribe an antibiotic, such together Griseofulvin.