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Hispaniola, Spanish La Española, 2nd largest island of the West Indies, lying within the higher Antilles, in the Caribbean Sea. That is separated politically right into the Republic the Haiti (west) and also the Dominican Republic (east). The island’s area is 29,418 square mile (76,192 square km); its biggest length is practically 400 mile (650 km), and its width is 150 mile (241 km). Christopher Columbus arrived at the island in 1492 and named it La Isla Española (Hispaniola in the Anglicized form). During Spanish colonial times, the island’s place on the north flank that the Caribbean Sea provided terrific location for manage of Spanish expansion to Cuba, Mexico, Panama, and South America.


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Take a pilgrimage to the Dominican Republic and also explore the dry Caribbean landscape, rainforest and also flora and fauna

Hispaniola consists of alternate series of hill ranges, lengthy valleys, and also plains. The orientation that the landforms reasons contrasts in climatic conditions and hinders north-south transportation. Much more than one-third of the island lies higher than 1,500 feet (457 metres), and it has the highest relief the the West Indies, reaching 10,417 feet (3,175 metres) at Duarte peak in the Cordillera main in the Dominican Republic. The most-elevated component of Haiti is the southwestern peninsula, which rises to mount Selle in ~ 8,773 feet (2,674 metres). In contrast to the highlands, the container of Lake Enriquillo in southwestern Dominican Republic is fairly low, the surface ar of the lake being around 150 feet (45 metres) below sea level. The key rivers space the Yaque del Norte (240 mile <386 km> long), the Yuna, and the Yaque del Sur in the Dominican Republic and also the Artibonite in Haiti. The island’s coastline, though lot indented, has relatively few protected deepwater anchorages. Hurricanes periodically strike the island and also can reason serious damage.

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Land usage is largely figured out by the nearly parallel equipment of mountains and also plains. In general, the mountains are forested and also sparsely populated, but in some locations (notably in Haiti) the an excellent population pressure has actually brought around the deforestation the land because that cultivation. Coffee cultivation is the cook agricultural activity in the highlands, developing through many of the humid such as mountain regions. Numerous crops, chiefly cacao, space grown top top the populous north plains, especially in the humid eastern ar (Dominican Republic), La Vega genuine (“The imperial Plain”). Tobacco is dominant in the upper Yaque plain, irrigated rice in the semiarid reduced plains, and also sugarcane and sisal along the northern coast, the Plaine du Nord, in the west (Haiti). The southern levels of the island are also productive (sugarcane, livestock pasture, and also cotton), though watering is important in plenty of areas.