Pope man Paul II made history in 1978 by coming to be the an initial non-Italian pope in more than 400 years.

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Who to be Pope man Paul II?

Pope man Paul II to be ordained in 1946, came to be the bishop that Ombi in 1958, and became the archbishop the Krakow in 1964. He to be made a cardinal through Pope Paul using in 1967, and in 1978 ended up being the first non-Italian pope in much more than 400 years. He was a vocal advocate for human rights and used his influence to effect political change. He died in Italy in 2005. It was announced in July 2013 that he would be declared a saint in April of the following year.


Early Life

Born Karol Józef Wojtyla on might 18, 1920, in Wadowice, Poland, Pope john Paul II's beforehand life was marked by good loss. His mother died when he was nine years old, and his older brothers Edmund passed away when he to be 12.


Growing up, man Paul was athletic and enjoyed skiing and swimming. He went to Krakow's Jagiellonian college in 1938 where he proved an interest in theater and poetry. The institution was closed the following year by Nazi troops throughout the German occupation that Poland. Wanting to become a priest, john Paul began studying at a mystery seminary operation by the archbishop of Krakow. After civilization War II ended, he perfect his spiritual studies in ~ a Krakow seminary and was ordained in 1946.


Rise within the Church

John Paul spent two year in Rome where he perfect his doctorate in theology. He went back to his aboriginal Poland in 1948 and served in numerous parishes in and also around Krakow. Man Paul ended up being the bishop the Ombi in 1958 and then the archbishop the Krakow six years later. Considered one of the Catholic Church's leading thinkers, he participated in the 2nd Vatican Council—sometimes referred to as Vatican II. The council began reviewing church theory in 1962, holding number of sessions over the course of the next few years. Together a member the the council, man Paul helped the church to study its place in the world. Well pertained to for his contribute to the church, john Paul was made a cardinal in 1967 by Pope Paul VI.


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Becoming Pope

In 1978, john Paul made history by coming to be the first non-Italian pope in much more than four hundred years. As the leader of the Catholic Church, he travel the world, visiting an ext than 100 countries to spread out his message of faith and also peace. Yet he to be close to residence when he confronted the best threat come his life. In 1981, an assassin shot man Paul double in St. Peter's Square in Vatican City. Fortunately, he to be able to recuperate from his injuries and also later forgave his attacker.


Legacy

A vocal support for human being rights, man Paul often spoke out about suffering in the world. The held strong positions on countless topics, consisting of his the contrary to capital punishment. A charismatic figure, man Paul used his influence to bring around political adjust and is attributed with the fall of communist in his indigenous Poland. He was not without critics, however. Part have declared that he can be harsh through those who disagreed with him and also that he would certainly not compromise his hard-line stance on particular issues, such as contraception.

In his later on years, john Paul's health showed up to be failing. At public appearances, he relocated slowly and seemed unsteady on his feet. He also visibly trembled at times. Among his doctors additionally disclosed that man Paul had actually Parkinson's disease, a mind disorder often characterized by shaking, in 2001. But there was never any type of official announcement about his illness from the Vatican.


Pope john Paul II passed away on April 2, 2005, at the period of 84, at his Vatican City residence. More than 3 million world waited in heat to say good-bye to their beloved religious leader at St. Peter's Basilica prior to his funeral top top April 8.

On July 5, 2013, waving the normal five-year waiting period, the Vatican announced the the roman Catholic Church would declare Pope john Paul II a saint and that the canonization consciousness would most likely take ar within the following 16 months. The Vatican likewise stated that Pope john XXIII, that headed the Catholic Church from 1958 until his death in 1963 and also convened the Vatican II council, would additionally be declared a saint.

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On September 30, 2013, Pope Francis announced that the canonizations the Pope man Paul II and also Pope john XXIII would happen on April 27, 2014. The announcement of Pope man Paul II's canonization come after the Vatican revealed that two miracles were attributed to the late pope. After ~ a dice French nun, sisters Marie Simon-Pierre Normand, prayed come Pope man Paul II for during her battle with Parkinson's disease—the same condition that eliminated the pope—she was cured. The 2nd miracle connected a 50-year-old woman, who declared that she to be cured the a mind aneurysm after a photo of Pope man Paul II spoke to her.


The official sainthood ceremony, hosted on April 27, 2014, brought together four popes. Pope Francis led the occasion to elevate Pope man Paul II and Pope man XXIII come sainthood, which was likewise attended through Francis's predecessor Emeritus Pope Benedict.  

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