Hillary Clinton stated that late-term abortions “are due to the fact that of medical necessity.” there is little research on the subject, yet existing data do not assistance her claim.

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Former Secretary the State Clinton, who’s to run for the autonomous nomination because that president, appeared ~ above CBS’ “Face the Nation,” and also host john Dickerson request if she supports a “federal limit on abortion at any kind of stage that pregnancy.” She stated this is a ache question, and went on to talk about the clinical need for late-term abortions.

Clinton, Sept. 20: ns think the the kind of late-term abortions that take ar are due to the fact that of medical necessity. And, therefore, I would hate to check out the government interfering with that decision.

A spokesman for Clinton’s campaign told us that she expected that numerous late-term abortions — not all or also most — are due to the fact that of medical reasons. However that’s not what she said. She statement left the impression the the majority, if no all, late-term abortions are medically necessary. The easily accessible evidence go not support that assertion.

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According to the Guttmacher Institute, i beg your pardon conducts study on sexual and reproductive health and also abortion, only 1.2 percent of every the abortions in the United says take ar after 20 weeks gestation. (“Late-term” does not have a specific definition, but some states that prohibit later abortions define lock as occurring after 20 weeks.) over there is no critical information as to how many of those abortions are because of medical necessity (which usually has either a significant fetal anomaly or a risk to the life the the mother). Joerg Dreweke, a spokesman for the Guttmacher Institute, told united state in an e-mail that “t walk not show up that there is much in the way of research on this question.”

One study that did examine the question of why late-term abortions are sought was released in 2013 in the Guttmacher Institute’s peer-reviewed journal, Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. That study compared 272 women who had actually abortions in ~ or after ~ 20 main with 169 women who had first-trimester abortions; importantly though, the study especially excluded any type of women that sought later-term abortions because of fetal anomaly or maternal life endangerment.

The study’s major finding was that “n many ways, ladies who had later abortions were comparable to those who acquired first-trimester procedures.” It discovered that those that delayed abortions until later on in your pregnancies were more likely to be younger women, those with limited financial resources and also those who knowledgeable logistical delays such together the need for prolonged travel to an abortion provider.

Though the examine did not include medically necessary late-term abortions, the at least illustrates the there room women receiving abortions ~ 20 main who do so because that non-medical reasons.

One of the writer of that paper, Diana Greene Foster, a professor in ~ the university of California, san Francisco’s Bixby center for an international Reproductive Health, told united state in an email that “here aren’t great data top top how often later abortions space for clinical reasons.” She said based on limited research and discussions with researchers in the ar that abortions because that fetal anomaly “make increase a small minority of later on abortions,” and also that those for life endangerment are also harder to characterize. This is due to the fact that many that the ladies who fall into that group would be cure under emergent circumstances at hospitals quite than at a dedicated abortion clinic, making number harder come obtain, Foster said.

The Guttmacher institute does have actually information about the factors for abortion at all gestational ages, but not individually for late-term abortions. It summarizes the factors as follows:

Guttmacher Institute: The factors women provide for having an abortion underscore their knowledge of the duties of parenthood and family life. Three-fourths that women point out concern for or duty to various other individuals; three-fourths say they can not afford a child; three-fourths speak that having actually a baby would interfere through work, institution or the capability to care for dependents; and half say they do not want to it is in a single parent or room having problems with your husband or partner.

According to an older study, published in 1998 in the journal International household Planning Perspectives, 2.8 percent that a sample the 1,773 U.S. Females in 1987-1988 who had actually had one abortion claimed “maternal health” to be the underlying factor for obtaining one abortion, but this to be not particular to late-term abortions. One more 3.3 percent claimed “fetal health” was the reason.

There is no concern that some abortions later on in pregnancies space medically necessary.

Some serious fetal defects are only detected later in pregnancies, and also some maternal medical issues, together as serious preeclampsia and diabetes, might endanger both the fetus and also the mother. Follow to the Kaiser family Foundation, 43 states at this time prohibit abortion after details points in a pregnancy; that suggest is 20 weeks for some states, while others specify 22 or 24 weeks, the allude of viability of the fetus, or the 3rd trimester. All those states do have exceptions once the life that the mother is endangered, and some additionally make exceptions once the mother’s health is at stake or once the fetus is considered nonviable.

There space no hard numbers to earlier up Clinton’s comment that late-term abortions “are because of clinical necessity.” Though evidence is doing not have in basic on the issue, part abortions are performed later in pregnancies for various other reasons.

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