On Wednesday, the autonomous nominee stressed the importance of discovering from her vote for the war. Yet she won"t speak what the means.

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For fine over a decade, Hillary Clinton’s vote in favor of the Iraq battle Resolution has actually been supplied to weaken her politics ambitions. She gotten in the 2008 autonomous presidential race as the greatly favored candidate, just to have actually her 2002 Senate vote, if no outright disqualify her in the eye of voters, at least breathe oxygen into then-Senator Barack Obama’s outsider campaign. In the many recent democratic presidential primary, Bernie Sanders relentlessly attacked Clinton for her lack of “judgment” once it pertained to what he identified as the most essential foreign-policy decision that a generation. In her defense, Clinton chided Sanders because that conflating policy disagreements with negative judgment, while correctly suggesting that she 2002 poll was more complicated than her doubters acknowledge.

But Clinton likewise did something that only freshly became component of she explanation for her Iraq war vote: She apologized. “I make it an extremely clear that i made a mistake, plain and simple. And I have actually written around it in mine book, I have talked about it in the past,” Clinton stated at a project stop in Iowa last year. She repeated the emotion at a town-hall forum on Wednesday, telling NBC’s Matt Lauer: “I think that the decision to walk to battle in Iraq was a mistake. And also I have actually said that my poll to give President shrub that government was, from my perspective, mine mistake.” she explanations that the vote on the campaign trail have tendency to be variations ~ above her first such mea culpa, which appeared in her 2014 publication Hard Choices:

any Senators concerned wish they had voted versus the resolution. Ns was one of them. Together the war dragged on, through every letter I sent to a family members in brand-new York who had lost a child or daughter, a dad or mother, mine mistake become much more painful. I believed I had acted in great faith and also made the best decision I can with the details I had. And also I wasn’t alone in acquiring it wrong. But I still obtained it wrong. Plain and also simple.

But Clinton has actually never explicitly said what, exactly, she go wrong. From Clinton herself, there has been a demand for nuance in stating her vote, a clear up of her intentions, and also plenty of reprimand heaped top top the bush administration. However without a clear explanation that what she mistake was and also how she plans to protect against repeating it, what walk an apology in reality mean?

Clinton is certainly right as soon as she accuses her movie critics of doing not have nuance ~ above the issue. Ago in February, Slate’s Fred Kaplan composed that Clinton vote in favor of a resolution come use force in Iraq in the naive hope the it “would prod Saddam Hussein into readmitting U.N. Inspectors, for this reason they could proceed their mission the verifying whether or not he had damaged his chemical, biological, and also nuclear tools sites.” Clinton, then, was counterintuitively voting to authorize Bush’s intrusion of Iraq only as a diplomatic device to peacefully force Saddam’s hand. Follow to this narrative, the real problem was shrub going earlier on his word and beginning a war prior to the inspectors had time to finish their job.

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But there’s even more nuance to the vote than Clinton it s her admits. Together the resolution pertained to the Senate floor, Saddam Hussein had already agreed to allow U.N. Assessors to return to Iraq; a resolve the U.N. Monitoring and also Verification Committee would be formalized in ~ weeks the the vote. And also as Stephen Zunes pointed out, the U.N. Inspection commitment would have actually been settled earlier, had the United states “not consistently postponed a U.N. Security Council resolution in the really hopes of inserting language that would have allowed Washington to unilaterally interpret the level the compliance.” Furthermore, if Clinton had truly been prioritizing a diplomatic resolution over a sirloin to war, climate why walk she vote versus the Levin Amendment, which would have actually made it legally and politically difficult for shrub to bypass the inspection procedure before responding militarily?

And climate there’s the matter of the 92-page divide National intelligence Estimate (NIE) of Iraq’s tools of mass damage program and also the 5-page declassified version, which bush gave to the Senate because that review. The shorter version claimed the knowledge community’s “high confidence” that “Iraq is continuing, and also in some locations expanding, the chemical, biological, nuclear and missile programs.” yet as Peter Beinart created in 2014, the classified variation of the report available far an ext detail around the objections that the State Department and Energy Department had raised concerning claims that Saddam had a nuclear-weapons program. “According to Senator Jay Rockefeller, ‘the NIE readjusted so significantly from the classified to its unclassified type and broke all in one direction, towards a an ext dangerous scenario,’” Beinart wrote.

Senators Bob Graham and also Patrick Leahy would both speak that reading the longer report persuaded them to vote versus the Iraq resolution. Lock urged their colleagues to review it. Yet according to the logs where the classified report was kept, only six bothered to execute so; Clinton to be not amongst them—meaning, as Beinart wrote, that “her book’s case that she ‘made the best decision I could with the info had’ is probably untrue.”

Each the Clinton’s missteps leading approximately the vote administer material because that a ideal apology. She can have apologized for not voting because that the Levin Amendment. She can have apologized for no taking the moment to review the long-version NIE. She can even have actually apologized because that not keeping the belief with the U.N. Inspectors. Instead, together the Bush management began that is invasion, Clinton, insisting versus contrary proof from weapons inspectors that Iraq ongoing to be “in material breach of the relevant United nations resolutions,” called for giving Bush’s “firm leadership and decisive action” in waging “the ongoing global War top top Terrorism” America’s “unequivocal support.” If Clinton’s pre-vote rhetorical hand-wringing on the Senate floor had been over staying clear of military conflict while there to be still a possibility for a calm inspection process, she trepidation seems to have vanished as soon as the invasion began. She didn’t display the demeanor of someone mourning a fail peace, or one whose trust in she commander-in-chief had actually been violated.

What Clinton could have specifically gotten wrong hangs in the air, unexamined and unexplored.

Taking Clinton at her word the she yes, really did believe, despite evidence to the contrary, the Saddam to be still harboring WMDs in 2002, it became obvious pretty quickly after the intrusion that there was no cigarette smoking gun. So why didn’t she apologize in 2004? In 2006? How about when she ran because that president in 2008? Why wait 12 years to market an apology based on facts that hadn’t adjusted over the previous decade? In fact, the only major shifts between Clinton’s vote and also her newfound contrition were the fail of America’s nation-building job in Iraq and the overwhelming sway of publicly opinion versus the war. The a collection of circumstances that leave only a few disheartening interpretations of Clinton’s behavior. In one, she shifted her very own rhetoric out of expediency. In another, she agreed through the simple tenets of Bush’s nation-building program, but thought he botched the follow-through. But she doesn’t refer to either in her vague expression of regret in Hard Choices.

Like countless of the issues of the Iraq war itself, what Clinton could have specifically acquired wrong hangs in the air, unexamined and unexplored. Her mea culpas never deal with her failures on a granular level. She apologies never ever hint at a transformative lesson the fundamentally altered her principles of organized state violence.

As Daniel Larison has actually pointed out, “In almost every situation for the critical twenty years, Clinton has reliably sided with those favoring an ext rather than less aggressive procedures in solution to foreign conflicts and also crises.” This was as true throughout her husband’s management (when she “urged him” come bomb Kosovo) together it was throughout her tenure as secretary the state and also as a candidate for president. And also it’s also why accusations that Clinton vote in donate of the war resolution the end of politics expediency, or the she was placing “politics before principle,” ring hollow. If anything, she vote said continuity with an interventionist foreign-policy vision that she stayed faithful to long after it had actually lost its politics currency.

The alternative explanation is less downhearted but more disturbing: Clinton agreed, at the very least in spirit, v Bush’s doctrine of regime change and nation-building. As the global relations scholar Michael MacDonald write in Overreach, “Accepting the administration’s ends, accentuated questions of technique, strategy, and also policy.” together Clinton claimed in a 2008 speech, “The mistake in Iraq space … the obligation of our … commander-in-chief. From the decision to rush to war… o the failure to send sufficient troops and carry out proper devices for lock … he command decisions to be rooted in politics and also ideology, heedless the sound strategy and also common sense.” The mistake, in other words, was not waging the war itself, however how the Bush administration conducted it.

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When the question of Clinton’s culpability in Iraq came up again ~ above Wednesday night, she emphasized the importance of learning “from our mistakes ... So that it never happens again.” She never ever actually stated what she learned, rather pointing the end that her record on Iraq was comparable to her opponent’s—a dubious defense strategy. When Clinton was challenged with a comparable question about her “hawkishness,” she claimed that she see “force as a critical result, not a very first choice.” it’s a attractive line, but it’s quite opaque and also isn’t have to true.