Thousands of ancient clay and rock artifacts the were smuggled right into the U.S. And also shipped come Hobby Lobby stores will certainly be returned to Iraq, the U.S. Immigration and also Customs Enforcement announced today.

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The artifacts, including cuneiform tablets, cylinder seals and also clay bullae, to be falsely labeled on the shipping labels as tile “samples,” ICE said in a statement critical year, announcing a formal civil complaint against the arts-and-crafts retailer.

Soon after, understand Lobby agreed to salary a $3 million fine and surrender that is cache of artefacts that the company had gained in 2010 through dealers based in the unified Arab Emirates and also Israel.

At the time, understanding Lobby chairman Steve green said in a statement the the agency “should have actually exercised more oversight and also carefully questioned exactly how the acquisitions to be handled,” signaling that it was inexperience that led to the smuggling. The justice Department, however, said the acquisitions were “fraught through red flags.”

How did a chain marketing arts and crafts supplies obtain in trouble for smuggling artifacts? Here’s a breakdown:

What walk Hobby Lobby do?

Hobby Lobby purchased much more than 5,500 artifacts for $1.6 million dollars and imported these historic antiquities versus federal law. According to the civil complaint, restrictions have actually been put on importing Iraqi cultural property because 1990.


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One that the old tablets illegal smuggled to Hobby Lobby stores. Photo listed by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement


A dealer native the unified Arab Emirates then shipped the artifacts in a collection of packages, some of which were eventually intercepted through the U.S. Customs and Border Protection. According to DOJ, the packages were collection to come in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, wherein Hobby Lobby’s headquarters is located.

Every distribution found through the CPB lacked the correct custom-mades documentation and had shipping labels the “falsely and misleadingly” figured out the components as “ceramic tiles” or “clay tiles,” the DOJ said. The labels additionally said the artifacts hailed indigenous Turkey, a nation that doesn’t have the same importing needs as Iraq.

Other items were shipped native Israel and falsely declared to be from the exact same country.

It’s unsure if understanding Lobby knew the items to be illegally smuggled.

“The hobby Lobby situation proves again what specialists have lengthy warned: there is a significant market in the United claims for looted antiquities from the middle East, north Africa and also beyond.” claimed Tess Davis, executive Director the The Antiquities Coalition. “The looting and also trafficking of these objects is resources crime, conflict and terror transparent the an ar and increasingly the world,” she said.

What space the artifacts?

ICE stated in a statement the the objects encompass many old tablets with beginnings in the old Sumerian city the Irisagrig.

The tablet computers date between 2100 come 1600 BC and also “are mainly legal and also administrative documents, but also include vital collection of early Dynastic incantations and a bilingual religious text native the Neo-Babylonian period.” cuneiform was one ancient type of creating on these Mesopotamian tablets. Bullae space clay seals that deserve to fit in the palm of your hand.


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One of the artefacts seized indigenous Hobby Lobby. Photo provided by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement


ICE claimed 3,800 artefacts in total were rotate over today to the Embassy that Iraq in Washington, D.C. NPR reported the an embassy main said the items would likely end up in Iraq’s national Museum.

What were the red flags?

The DOJ proclaimed plainly the the firm moved forward through the $1.6 million purchase of the artifacts, regardless of an expert’s warning the the items might have been looted from archaeological sites in Iraq.

In 2010, hobby Lobby retained an “expert on social property law” who urged the agency to verify the beginnings of the item they were seeking come buy, DOJ said. Otherwise, castle were open up to seizure through the CPB.

Other red flags quote by DOJ: hobby Lobby did not personally fulfill or interact directly with the owner that the artifacts. Instead, as advised, the company wired payments to seven personal bank accounts connected to five different individuals.

Why is understanding Lobby interested in this artifacts?

Hobby Lobby has actually said it started in 2009 to collect historical artefacts — item that particularly spoke come the Evangelical Christian company’s mission. Understand Lobby chairman David environment-friendly is said to have gathered as countless as 40,000 biblical artifacts and also texts in a few years’ time. Green also funded the Museum the the Bible, a 430,000-square-foot building and also tribute to the Christian text, critical year in Washington, D.C.

When understanding Lobby agreed come relinquish the illegal smuggled artefacts last year, the firm said in a statement the it was “new to the people of gaining these items, and also did not completely appreciate the complexities the the repurchase process.”

The statement also said the company “imprudently relied ~ above dealers and also shippers who, in hindsight, go not recognize the correct way to file and delivery these items.”

Hobby Lobby did not immediately respond to the NewsHour’s inquiry on how the agency has readjusted its process in importing these historical artifacts.

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Left: understanding Lobby agreed to a settlement to relinquish countless Iraqi artefacts that were illegally smuggled right into the U.S. In 2011. Photo provided by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement


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Joshua Barajas Joshua Barajas


Joshua Barajas is the arts editor for the NewsHour. He have the right to be got to at jbarajas
newshour.org.