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Triple Crown winners space members the an upstream club. It calls for a horse to win three races at various distances against the world’s ideal competition end a grueling schedule. Therefore what go it take to be a triple crown winner, and also what horses succeeded?

NameYearSexColorRecord
Sir Barton1919StallionChestnut31: 13–6–5
Gallant Fox1930StallionBay17: 11-3-2
Omaha1935 StallionChestnut22-9-7-2
War Admiral1937StallionBrown/Bay26: 21-3-1
Whirlaway1941StallionChestnut60: 32-15-9
Count Fleet1943StallionBay21: 16-4-1
Assault1946StallionChestnut42: 18-6-7
Citation1948StallionBay45: 32–10–2
Secretariat1973StallionChestnut21: 16–3–1
Seattle Slew1977StallionBay17: 14–2–0
Affirmed1978StallionChestnut29: 22–5–1
American Pharoah2015StallionBay11: 9–1–0
Justify2018StallionChestnut6–0–0

Triple Crown winners incorporate Sir Barton,Gallant Fox, Omaha,War Admiral,Whirlaway,Count Fleet, Assault, Citation,Secretariat,Seattle Slew,Affirmed,American Pharoah, and also Justify.

You are watching: Horses who won the triple crown

These space the only thirteen horses to claim the Triple Crown due to the fact that its inception over 145 years ago.

The Triple Crown records the world’s attention, and the horses that have actually won the compensation are distinctive individuals v fascinating histories.

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Information around the Triple Crown

The Triple Crown is the summit that Thoroughbred equine racing. The pits the ideal three-year-old racehorses in the world versus each other in three races, the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness Stakes, and the Belmont Stakes.

To it is in awarded the Triple Crown, a equine must sweep all three races. In the one hundred and forty-five year history, only thirteen horses have achieved this feat.

The ax “Triple Crown” was not in existence when Sir Barton winner all three races in 1919, but he was the first horse to with the goal. The expression was coined in 1930 through a columnist of the day-to-day Racing type named Charles Hatton.

Interesting facts:No gelding or filly has ever before won the Triple Crown. all Triple Crown winners are stallions,Two coat colors room dominant,seven chestnut horses and five-bay horses have won, the lone exception is battle Admiral, that was brown.The Belmont stakes is the oldest the the 3 Triple Crown races.

Triple Crown Winners

Sir Barton-1919

Sex: StallionColor: ChestnutRecord: 31: 13–6–5
*

Interestingly, sir Barton wasn’t gotten in to win the Kentucky Derby in 1919, yet instead, he was an alleged to collection the speed for his stablemate Billy Kelly. Billy Kelly was the champion two-year-old in 1918 and also the favourite to victory the Kentucky Derby in 1919.

However, sir Barton didn’t understand he was supposed to it is in his stablemates’ rabbit and upset the field, winning by 5 lengths.With his confidence, high sir Barton entered the Preakness Stakes and also four days later had actually his 2nd career win, and also in both races, he led wire to wire.

Amazingly, sir Barton ran in the Withers Stakes and also won before sweeping the triple crown’s last leg, the Belmont Stakes. In the Belmont Stakes, sir Barton, a brand-new record for a mile and three-eighths race. He accomplished all this in ~ a expectancy of 32 days.

2. Gallant Fox-1930

Sex: StallionColor: BayRecord: 17: 11-3-2

Gallant Fox gets credit for being the spark for the ax “Triple Crown” because, after ~ his three victories, Charles Hatton that the day-to-day Racing Form first used it.

Gallant Fox caught the love of the gyeongju world.He started slowly together a two-year-old yet dominated after transforming three. During this time, the schedules of the races weren’t etched in rock like today.

Gallant Fox’s an initial Triple Crown victory was the Preakness, then he winner the Kentucky Derby after just a seven-day break, and also finished the sweep with a win at Belmont. Gallant Fox’s Triple Crown victories extended twenty-nine days.

3.Omaha-1935

Sex: StallionColor: ChestnutRecord:22-9-7-2

Omaha adhered to in his fathers’, Triple Crown winner Gallant Foxs’, footsteps and also became just the third horse to success the Triple Crown, and also is the just offspring that a Triple Crown winner to win the crown.

He to be trained by clear Jim Fitzsimmons, who additionally taught Gallant Fox. Omaha was a large Chestnut colt that didn’t have a spectacular career but won when it counted.

He appeared to run his best races in the mud; two of his Triple Crown victories to be raced end wet tracks. The was putting rain and also cold during the Kentucky Derby, and also at the Belmont, the track to be “sloppy.”

Like sir Barton, Omaha ran in the Withers Stakes between the Triple Crown races; however, unlike sir Barton, he lost his race.

4.War Admiral-1937

Sex: StallionColor: BrownRecord: 26: 21-3-1
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War Admiral is among the greatest racehorses that ever raced. The not only won the Triple Crown; he also went undefeated his three-year-old season and set a track record at one and also a fifty percent miles.

Interestingly, the track document he broke was developed by his sire Man’ o battle seventeen years earlier. Unfortunately, numerous remember war Admiral no so much for the gyeongju he won, however for one gyeongju he lost.

He to be matched versus Seabiscuit in 1938. The complement was a blockbuster event, pitting the two ideal horses in the world versus each other.

The race showcasedSeabiscuit,the undersized, ugly duckling the failed to win a race in his first seventeen matches, against War Admiral, a member that East shore royalty. Much to the dismay of battle Admiral’s owner, Seabiscuit winner the race and captured the country’s heart.

5.Whirlaway-1941

Sex: StallionColor: ChestnutRecord: 60: 32-15-9
*

Whirlaway put on a spectacular display at the Kentucky Derby. Shortly after the race started, Whirlaway trailed the leader by 14 lengths, yet once he made it to the residence stretch, he kicked into high gear and blew the competition away.

He bound the record for to win the Kentucky Derby through the largest margin, eight lengths, and set a brand-new derby record at 2:01 2/5. This document stood for twenty-one years.

He was ridden by hall of reputation jockey Eddie Arcaro for his Triple Crown wins. His finest seasons were his three and also four years old. He won the Triple Crown and also never perfect worse than a 3rd in forty-two starts.

Whirlaway had actually a an excellent career the lasted till he was 5 years old, after ~ which that was marketed as a stud prospect. When he retired, he to be the all-time top money earner in steed racing.

6.Count Fleet-1943

Sex: StallionColor: BayRecord: 21: 16-4-1
Belmont Stakes, 1943

Count Fleet was a dominant racehorse, so leading that only two rivals enter the Belmont stakes to difficulty him.He not only won races, he consistently crushed his competition.

He collection the record for the faster mile ever by a 2 year Thoroughbred; he won the Belmont crest by 25 lengths and also broke the comb record. He likewise joined teacher Barton to victory the Withers Stakes during his to run of the Triple Crown competitions.

Unfortunately, after ~ his exceptional Belmont performance counting Fleet never recovered from a lingering fishing eye injury. The Belmont crest concluded his superb gyeongju career. The retired and also was a effective stud siring many good racehorses, including Kentucky Derby winner counting Turf.

7.Assault-1946

Sex: StallionColor: ChestnutRecord: 42: 18-6-7

Assault got to two first, he to be the an initial colt bred outside of Kentucky to win the Kentucky Derby, and he is the only Texas-bred horse to victory the Triple Crown.

Assault was elevated on a famous quarter ranch, the King Ranch, which isconsidered the American Quarter horse breed’s birthplace. Assault sustained a nasty foot injury when a foal. The damage was so major there was discussion about putting him down.

However, his breeding saved his life, and he went on to have actually a stellar career. He always maintained a slight limp when walking, but he didn’t donate his hurt leg when asked come run.

8.Citation-1948

Sex: StallionColor: BayRecord: 45: 32–10–2
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https://collections.carli.illinois.edu/cdm/singleitem/collection/nby_teich/id/5793,

Citation struggle the soil running; as a two-year-old, he winner eight the the ripe races that entered. He won sixteen directly races during his three-year-old season, consisting of the Kentucky Derby, Precniss, and also Belmont crest earning the Triple Crown.

Citation to be jockey Eddie Arcaro’s second Triple Crown mount; he rode Whirlaway for the very same farm, Calumet, in 1941. By the time Citation break up his three-year-old season, he had actually amassed a document of 27 wins from 29 starts.

Citation arguably had the best two and also three-year-old periods in the history of equine racing.

9.Secretariat-1973

Sex: StallionColor: ChestnutRecord: 21: 16–3–1

Secretariat won the Triple Crown after ~ a 25-year drought and collection records at each race. Throughout his Kentucky Derby run, he broke last but quickly consisted of ground.

His speed enhanced over the course, running each quarter-mile much faster than the ahead one. He shattered the earlier Kentucky Derby record in a blistering time of1:59 2/5 seconds, which has never been broken.

In the Preakness, the race was never in question; Secretariat took fee early and also won through 2 1/2 lengths over Sham, his closestly rival. The clock malfunctioned, yet the time was shown to it is in 1:53, and also Secretariat had another stakes record.

Secretariat, placed on a present at the Belmont, won through 30 lengths and his time in the race was not just a document for the Belmont Stakes, but it was likewise the fastest ​11⁄2miles on dirt in history, 2:24.

Secretariat was a huge horse with outstanding conformation. His nickname “Big Red” fits him. He could win at any kind of distance and also over any surface.

Secretariat won equine of the year as a two-year-old and three-year-old. His performances made the a sports icon, choose Babe Ruth and Muhammad Ali. Come learn much more about Secretariat, clickhere.

10.Seattle Slew-1977

Sex: StallionColor: Dark just Record: 17: 14–2–0
*
By Pawneese – very own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org

Seattle Slew to be purchased together a yearling because that $17,500, a meager amount for a horse this caliber. Seattle Slew won the very first nine races of his career, consisting of the Kentucky Derby, Preakness, and Belmont Stakes. This feat made himthe first horse to victory the Triple Crown when undefeated.

The next steed to achieve this feat to be Justify in 2018, a descendant that Seattle Slew. Seattle Slew retirement with just one gyeongju out of the money in seventeen starts.

After retiring native racing, Seattle Slew to be turned the end to stud. That produced an excellent runners that proceed to affect Thoroughbred gyeongju today. Many notable is Kentucky Derby and Belmont stakes winner Swale, and also A.P. Indy, also a Belmont comb winner and recipient of steed of the Year.

Seattle Slew is Tapit’s grandsire, the top sire in north America in 2014, 2015, and also 2016.

11.Affirmed-1978

Sex: StallionColor: ChestnutRecord: 29: 22–5–1

Affirmed likely had actually the most formidable foe of any horse to victory the Triple Crown, Alydar.The two faced off in each contest and pushed each various other to their limits, but Affirmed hosted on to win.

Of the 5 second-place finishes in Affirmed’s career, three were won by Alydar. Affirmed is the very first horse to earn two million dollars and was the horse of the Year because that 1978 and 1979. The only time that was out of the money was due to the fact that of a disqualification.

Notably, he to be the great-great-grandson of Triple Crown winner battle Admiral. Speculation surrounds exactly how Affirmed gained its name; some think it references the court the Appeals’ decision to affirm the equine owners’ criminal conviction.

12.American Pharoah-2015

Sex: StallionColor: BayRecord: 11: 9–1–0

When American Pharoah winner the 2015 Belmont Stakes, he broke a thirty-seven-year drought of Triple Crown winners. some people started to think the competition in horse racing made winning a Triple Crown in modern-day times impossible.

Previously the longest dryness was twenty-five years, the span between Citation and also Secretariat.

American Pharoah was called two-year-old champion and 2015 horse of the Year. ~ a quick but successful career, he was retired come stud. His an initial prospects seem promising.

Interestingly, both he and his sire were auction buybacks for virtually the very same price by the same owners. In 2007 Zayat bought earlier Pioneer that the Nile, American Pharoah’s sire, because that $290,000. In 2013 lock bought earlier American Pharoah because that $300,000.

13.Justify-2018

Sex: StallionColor: ChestnutRecord: 6–0–0

Justify made background not just by winning the Triple Crown but also for just how he achieved the feat. He is the an initial horse to win the Triple Crown there is no running as a two-year-old and only the second undefeated equine to victory the Triple Crown, joining Seattle Slew.

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He is additionally the just Triple Crown winner come retire undefeated, however he is likewise the the very least raced of any type of Triple Crown winners, retiring after simply six races. Justify to be voted 2018 steed of the Year.

FAQ


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No female horse has ever before won the Triple Crown. Three have won the Kentucky Derby, Regret, real Risk, and also Winning Colors. One two have actually won the Belmont, and five winner the Preakness. To read more about mrs racehorses, check out this article: are All Racehorses Male? No! perform of height 10 Females Horses