Flathead catfish are a renowned recreational catch. Above, a flathead catfish is recorded by a team led through fisheries biologist Bob Greenlee the the Virginia room of Game and Inland Fisheries top top the James River close to Hopewell, Va., top top June 6, 2011. (Photo through Matt Rath/Chesapeake just Program)


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The head of the flathead catfish is broader and flatter than that of various other North American catfish species. Above, a flathead catfish is captured by a team led by fisheries biologist Bob Greenlee that the Virginia room of Game and Inland Fisheries ~ above the James River close to Hopewell, Va., ~ above June 6, 2011. (Photo by Matt Rath/Chesapeake only Program)


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A flathead catfish is recorded by a team led by fisheries biologist Bob Greenlee the the Virginia room of Game and Inland Fisheries top top the James River near Hopewell, Va., ~ above June 6, 2011. (Photo by Matt Rath/Chesapeake bay Program)


Quick Facts

types

Invasive

dimension

3 to 4 feet in length; have the right to weigh more than 100 pounds

Habitat

Flathead catfish prefer deep streams, rivers, canals, lakes and reservoirs, wherein the water is cloudy and also currents are slow. Adult flathead catfish room solitary creatures and can usually be uncovered near or under please trees, logs and also brush piles, when young flathead catfish usually favor shallower water. Adults continue to be in depth waters during the day and also move into shallower water in ~ night.

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range

Flathead catfish are aboriginal to rivers and also lakes in the lower an excellent Lakes and Mississippi flow basin. Lock were introduced to the James River as a recreational catch in the so late 1960s. Today, flathead catfish can be discovered in low-salinity tributaries transparent the Chesapeake bay watershed.

Diet

Blue crabs, grayfish, eels, worms and also other catfish

expectancy 5 come 22 years Status stable

Also well-known as the yellow or mud catfish, the flathead catfish is a large, smooth-skinned fish v a yellow come purple-brown body and whisker-like barbels roughly its mouth. It was presented to the an ar in the 1960s, and also is now considered an invasive species.


Appearance

The flathead catfish has a yellow come purple-brown body the is frequently mottled v black or brown, with a pale white come yellow belly. The smooth skin lacks scales. The head that the flathead catfish is wider and flatter 보다 that of various other North American catfish species. It has whisker-like barbels around its mouth, and also its lower jaw protrudes further than its top jaw. The tail fin is slightly notched and may appear square or rounded, unlike the deep forked tail of the blue catfish or channel catfish. Adults deserve to reach lengths of 3 to 4 feet and also weigh much more than 100 pounds.

Feeding

Flathead catfish are ambush predators that feed in ~ night and wait under cover for prey to cross their path. Adults are opportunistic feeders and exclusively eat various other fish. Young flathead catfish prey mostly on insect larvae until they are approximately four customs in length, in ~ which allude their diet expands to include little fish.

Predators

Adult flathead catfish have couple of natural predators. Your most common predators are members of your own species and people who fish because that them. However, young flathead catfish are sometimes consumed by turtles, bigger fish and also wading birds together as good blue herons.

Reproduction and also Life Cycle

Flathead catfish generate from late may through August, as soon as the water temperature is between 75 degrees and also 80 levels Fahrenheit . Colonies are created under cover, favor logs, stumps, brush piles or rock outcroppings, and can contain up to 100,000 adhesive eggs. Females lay around 1,200 eggs because that every lb of bodyweight. Fertilized egg hatch in six to nine days. The male flathead catfish protects the eggs. Baby flathead catfish type tight colleges for numerous days after hatching prior to eventually separating. These fish deserve to live approximately 28 years, although many live to be 5 to 22.

Did you Know?

The flathead catfish's clinical name originates from the Greek word for “mud fish” (Pylodictis) and the Latin word because that “olive-colored” (olivaris).Flathead catfish room a famous recreational catch.

Sources and extr Information


Quick Facts

types

Invasive

size

3 to 4 feet in length; can weigh an ext than 100 pounds

Habitat

Flathead catfish favor deep streams, rivers, canals, lakes and reservoirs, wherein the water is cloudy and also currents are slow. Adult flathead catfish space solitary creatures and also can typically be found near or under please trees, logs and brush piles, when young flathead catfish usually prefer shallower water. Adults continue to be in depths waters throughout the day and also move right into shallower water in ~ night.

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range

Flathead catfish are indigenous to rivers and also lakes in the lower good Lakes and also Mississippi flow basin. Castle were presented to the James River together a recreational capture in the late 1960s. Today, flathead catfish have the right to be discovered in low-salinity tributaries throughout the Chesapeake only watershed.