How an effective was the Beirut blast?

Experts calculation the enormous warehouse to explode that sent out a terrible blast wave throughout Beirut could be among the the strongest non-nuclear explosions ever before recorded.

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“On a scale, this explosion is scaled down from a nuclear bomb fairly than increase from a conventional bomb,” said Roland Alford, controlling director that Alford Technologies, a British company that specialises in handle of explosive ordnance. “This is most likely up there among the biggest non-nuclear explosions of every time.”

Experts have estimated the dimension of the blast together being the identical of 200 come 300 tons of high explosives. Here’s what that number looks like compared to various other accidental explosions and also conventional weapons.


Weapon yield


Power in TNT equivalent


Hellfire

air-to-ground

missile


0.01 tons


Mk-84 500lb bomb


0.1 tons


Mk-84 2,000lb

bomb


0.5 tons


Tomahawk cruise

missile


0.5 tons


GBU-57 30,000lb

“bunker buster”


2.4 tons


Oklahoma

bombing - 1995


Other explosions


TNT equivalent


Ammonium nitrate

bomb eliminated 168


2.5 tons


Chernobyl

disaster - 1986


10 tons


Explosion after ~ a atom meltdown


GBU-43B (MOAB)


“Mother of all Bombs” is the U.S. Most powerful

non-nuclear weapon.


11 tons


W54 Davy Crockett


Small atom rocket arisen by the U.S. In the 1950s


10-20 tons


Texas fertiliser

plant - 2013


12.5 tons


Ammonium nitrate

exploded killing

14 people


Tianjin, China - 2015


Explosions in ~ a warehouse storing ammonium nitrate eliminated at least 116 people.


21 tons


Toulouse, France - 2001


An ammonium nitrate deposit exploded death 31.


40 tons


FOAB - ATBIP


44 Tons


Russia’s “Father of every Bombs” (FOAB) is reportedly the most powerful non-nuclear weapon in the world.


Beirut blast

300-400 tons


Oppau, Germany - 1921

1,000 Tons


GERMANY


Oppau


An to explode of ammonium sulphate and nitrate fertiliser at the Oppau tree in Germany eliminated 565 people.


Halifax, Canada - 1917

2,900 Tons


CANADA


Halifax


Loaded with extremely volatile explosives, the French steamer Mont-Blanc collided with the Norwegian delivery Imo. About 1,950 human being were killed and around 9,000 more were injured.


LITTLE BOY


1945, Hiroshima, Japan

15,000 tons


JAPAN


Hiroshima


The first nuclear bomb supplied in war. To reduce by the U.S., the bomb eliminated tens the thousands and also flattened the Japanese city that Hiroshima in one instant.


Weapon yield


Power in TNT equivalent


Hellfire air-to-ground

missile


0.01 tons


Mk-84 500lb bomb


0.1 tons


Mk-84 2,000lb

bomb


0.5 tons


Tomahawk cruise

missile


0.5 tons


GBU-57 30,000lb

“bunker buster”


2.4 tons


Other explosions


Oklahoma bombing - 1995


TNT equivalent


Ammonium nitrate

bomb eliminated 168


2.5 tons


Chernobyl disaster - 1986


10 tons


Explosion after a nuclear meltdown


GBU-43B (MOAB)


“Mother of all Bombs” is the U.S. Many powerful

non-nuclear weapon.


11 tons


W54 Davy Crockett


Small atom rocket occurred by the U.S. In the 1950s


10-20 tons


Texas fertiliser

plant - 2013


12.5 tons


Ammonium nitrate

exploded killing

14 people


Tianjin, China - 2015


Explosions in ~ a warehouse storing ammonium nitrate killed at the very least 116 people.


21 tons


Toulouse, France - 2001


An ammonium nitrate deposit exploded death 31.


40 tons


44 Tons


FOAB - ATBIP


Russia’s “Father of all Bombs” (FOAB) is supposedly the most an effective non-nuclear weapon in the world.


Beirut blast

300-400 tons


Oppau, Germany - 1921

1,000 Tons


GERMANY


Oppau


An explosion of ammonium sulphate and also nitrate fertiliser at the Oppau tree in Germany killed 565 people.


Halifax, Canada - 1917

2,900 Tons


CANADA


Halifax


Loaded with highly volatile explosives, the French steamship Mont-Blanc collided v the Norwegian ship Imo. About 1,950 world were eliminated and around 9,000 more were injured.


LITTLE BOY


Hiroshima, Japan - 1945

15,000 tons


JAPAN


Hiroshima


The very first nuclear bomb used in war. Reduce by the U.S., the bomb eliminated tens that thousands and flattened the Japanese city of Hiroshima in an instant.


Weapon yield


Power in TNT equivalent


Hellfire missile


0.01 tons


U.S. Air-to-ground tactical missile


Mk-84 500lb bomb


Small U.S. Unguided bomb


0.1 tons


Mk-84 2,000lb bomb


American general-purpose bomb i m sorry entered organization in the Vietnam war.


0.5 tons


Tomahawk missile


Intermediate-range cruise missile introduced from U.S. Marine ships and also submarines at subsonic speed.


0.5 tons


GBU-57 30,000lb bomb


The huge Ordnance Penetrator (MOP) is a precision-guided “bunker buster” bomb


2.4 tons


Other explosions


Oklahoma battle - 1995


TNT equivalent


Ammonium nitrate was provided in a bomb in an to explode that go out up a federal structure in Oklahoma City, death 168 people


2.5 tons


Chernobyl disaster - 1986


10 tons


Explosion and fire ~ a reactor meltdown in ~ the Chernobyl strength plant.


GBU-43B (MOAB)


11 tons


“Mother of every Bombs” (MOAB) is the U.S. Most an effective non-nuclear weapon.


W54 Davy Crockett nuke


A small unguided nuclear rocket arisen by the U.S. In the 1950s


10-20 tons


12.5 tons


Texas fertiliser tree - 2013


An ammonium nitrate deposit exploded in the Texas city of West. 14 world died and about 200 more were injured.


Tianjin, China - 2015


Explosions in ~ a warehouse storing various chemicals including 800 tonnes the ammonium nitrate eliminated at least 116 people.


21 tons


Toulouse, France - 2001


An ammonium nitrate deposit exploded in Toulouse killing 31 and also injuring 2,500.


40 tons


44 Tons


FOAB - ATBIP


Russia’s “Father of every Bombs” (FOAB) is apparently the most an effective non-nuclear weapon in the world.


Beirut blast

300-400 tons


Oppau, Germany - 1921

1,000 Tons


GERMANY


GERMANY


Oppau


Oppau


An explosion of ammonium sulphate and also nitrate fertiliser in ~ the Oppau tree in Germany killed 565 people.


Halifax, Canada - 1917

2,900 Tons


CANADA


Halifax


Loaded with extremely volatile explosives, the French steamship Mont-Blanc collided with the Norwegian ship Imo. About 1,950 people were eliminated and around 9,000 more were injured.


LITTLE BOY


Hiroshima, Japan - 1945

15,000 tons


JAPAN


Hiroshima


The very first nuclear bomb supplied in war. Reduce by the U.S., the bomb killed tens of thousands and flattened the Japanese city that Hiroshima in one instant.


Weapon yield


Power in TNT equivalent


Hellfire missile


0.01 tons


U.S. Air-to-ground tactical missile.


Mk-82 500lb bomb


Small U.S. Unguided bomb.


0.1 tons


Mk-84 2,000lb bomb


American general-purpose bomb i beg your pardon entered service in the Vietnam war.


0.5 tons


Tomahawk missile


Intermediate-range cruise missile launched from U.S. Navy ships and also submarines at subsonic speed.


0.5 tons


GBU-57 30,000lb bomb


The substantial Ordnance Penetrator (MOP) is a precision-guided “bunker buster” bomb.


2.4 tons


Other explosions


Oklahoma battle - 1995


TNT equivalent


Ammonium nitrate combined with various other substances to do a bomb in an to explode that blew up a federal building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people.


2.5 tons


Chernobyl disaster - 1986


10 tons


Explosion and also fire ~ a reactor meltdown at the Chernobyl power plant. The world’s worst atom accident.


GBU-43B (MOAB)


11 tons


“Mother of all Bombs” (MOAB) is the U.S. Most an effective non-nuclear weapon, the was very first deployed in combat in Afghanistan, 2017.


10-20 tons


W54 Davy Crockett nuke


A tiny unguided atom rocket emerged by the U.S. In the 1950s


12.5 tons


Texas fertiliser tree - 2013


An ammonium nitrate deposit exploded in the Texas city of West. 14 human being died and about 200 an ext were injured.


Tianjin


Explosions in ~ a warehouse storing miscellaneous chemicals including 800 tonnes of ammonium nitrate killed at least 116 people.


CHINA


Tianjin, China - 2015

21 tons


FRANCE


Toulouse


Toulouse, France - 2001

40 Tons


An ammonium nitrate deposit exploded death 31 people.


FOAB - ATBIP

44 Tons


The Russian bomb nicknamed the “Father of all Bombs” (FOAB) is supposedly the most powerful non-nuclear weapon in the world.


LEBANON


Beirut


Beirut blast

300-400 tons


Oppau, Germany - 1921

1,000 Tons


GERMANY


Oppau


An explode of ammonium sulphate and nitrate fertiliser at the Oppau tree in Germany killed 565 people.


Halifax, Canada - 1917

2,900 Tons


CANADA


Halifax


Loaded with highly volatile explosives, the French steam boat Mont-Blanc collided with the Norwegian ship Imo. Roughly 1,950 world were eliminated and about 9,000 much more were injured.


LITTLE BOY


Hiroshima, Japan - 1945

15,000 tons


JAPAN


Hiroshima


The first nuclear bomb provided in war. Reduce by the U.S., the bomb eliminated tens the thousands and flattened the Japanese city of Hiroshima in an instant.


Weapon yield


Power in TNT equivalent


Hellfire missile


0.01 tons


U.S. Air-to-ground tactical missile


Mk-82 500lb bomb


Small U.S. Unguided bomb


0.1 tons


Mk-84 2,000lb bomb


American general-purpose bomb which entered organization in the Vietnam war.


0.5 tons


Tomahawk missile


Intermediate-range cruise missile introduced from U.S. Navy ships and also submarines at subsonic speed.


0.5 tons


GBU-57 30,000lb bomb


The huge Ordnance Penetrator (MOP) is a precision-guided “bunker buster” bomb


2.4 tons


Other explosions


Oklahoma battle - 1995


TNT equivalent


Ammonium nitrate blended with various other substances to make a bomb in an explode that blew up a federal building in Oklahoma City, death 168 people


2.5 tons


Chernobyl disaster - 1986


10 tons


Explosion and fire ~ a reactor meltdown in ~ the Chernobyl power plant. The world’s worst nuclear accident.


GBU-43B (MOAB)


11 tons


“Mother of all Bombs” (MOAB) is the U.S. Most an effective non-nuclear weapon, that was first deployed in combat in Afghanistan, 2017.


W54 Davy Crockett nuke


10-20 tons


A tiny unguided nuclear rocket arisen by the U.S. In the 1950s


Texas fertiliser tree - 2013


12.5 tons


An ammonium nitrate deposit explosive in the Texas city of West. 14 civilization died and about 200 an ext were injured.


Tianjin


Explosions in ~ a warehouse storing assorted chemicals including 800 tonnes the ammonium nitrate killed at least 116 people.


CHINA


Tianjin, China - 2015

21 tons


FRANCE


Toulouse


Toulouse, France - 2001

40 Tons


An ammonium nitrate deposit explosive in Toulouse death 31 and also injuring 2,500.


FOAB - ATBIP

44 Tons


The Russian bomb nicknamed the “Father of every Bombs” (FOAB) is supposedly the most an effective non-nuclear weapon in the world.


LEBANON


Beirut


Beirut blast

300-400 tons


Oppau, Germany - 1921

1,000 Tons


GERMANY


Oppau


An explosion of ammonium sulphate and also nitrate fertiliser in ~ the Oppau plant in Germany killed 565 people.


Halifax, Canada - 1917

2,900 Tons


CANADA


Halifax


Loaded with highly volatile explosives, the French steamship Mont-Blanc collided through the Norwegian ship Imo. Roughly 1,950 human being were killed and about 9,000 an ext were injured.


LITTLE BOY


Hiroshima, Japan - 1945

15,000 tons


JAPAN


Hiroshima


The an initial nuclear bomb used in war. To reduce by the U.S., the bomb killed tens the thousands and flattened the Japanese city the Hiroshima in one instant.


George william Herbert, an adjunct professor at the Middlebury institute of worldwide Studies facility for Nonproliferation Studies and a missile and effects consultant, provided two approaches to estimate the productivity of the explosion. One used visual proof of the blast itself along with damage assessments. The various other calculation was based upon the amount of ammonium nitrate reportedly at the resource of the explosion.

Both approaches estimate the yield as a couple of hundred loads of TNT equivalent, v the overlap being 200 come 300, Herbert told buzzpatterson.com.


Aerial footage shows damage at the blast website in Beirut 2 days after ~ the explosion. August 6, 2020 | buzzpatterson.com/Bader-Photography.com


The blast rattled structures on the Mediterranean island that Cyprus, about 100 miles (160 km) away.

A cable of explosions

Seismological data suggests that 6 blasts came before the key explosion, the last of them a combustion of fireworks the apparently set off a warehouse complete of ammonium nitrate, one Israeli analyst said on Thursday.

The six blasts to be at 11-second intervals throughout the Aug. 4 incident, v the key explosion complying with the last by roughly 43 seconds, Boaz Hayoun the Israel’s Tamar group told buzzpatterson.com.

Hayoun, a former military design officer whose existing roles encompass overseeing security standards because that explosives usage in Israel, said his analysis was based on data indigenous seismological sensors stationed across the region.

“I cannot say share what resulted in this, yet I can say this blasts were at the exact same location,” that told buzzpatterson.com.


*

Readings indigenous a seismograph acquired by buzzpatterson.com mirroring the to explode in Beirut on respectable 4, 2020. IRIS (Incorporated Research institutions for Seismology)


Among the sensors cited by Hayoun was range installed around 70 kilometres (43 miles) turn off Lebanon’s coastline by the worldwide geological job IRIS - which cast doubt ~ above his conclusions.

IRIS said its sensors choose up much more than five “small bursts” in ~ intervals of about 11 seconds prior to the main Beirut explosion, a succession that continued after the incident.

“I perform not think that castle are associated with the large explosion in Beirut,” Jerry Carter, director of IRIS data services, called buzzpatterson.com.

“They can be indigenous a seismic survey,” the added, introduce to geologists transporting out airgun bursts because that underwater mapping.

Lebanese officials have blamed the explosion, which eliminated at least 172 people and left much of the capital in ruins, ~ above a substantial stockpile the ammonium nitrate recording fire after gift stored unsafely at the harbor for years.

President Michel Aoun has said investigators would additionally look right into the opportunity of “external interference” such as a bomb, and also negligence or an accident as causes.

See more: How Does Weather Move Across The United States, Movement Of Weather Systems

Sources:

Research and Information on accidents database (ARIA); eco-friendly Emergencies centre (EEC); NASA; atom Weapons education Project, Massachusetts institute of technology (MIT); and also buzzpatterson.com calculations.

By:

Marco Hernandez, Simon Scarr

Additional reporting by:

Gerry Doyle, Gurman Bhatia, Anand Katakam, Manas Sharma, Prasanta Dutta