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The Abraham Lincoln Memorial is ~ above the nationwide Mall in Washington, DC; the is situated south the the White House, west the the Washington Monument, and also close come the banks of the potomac River. The honors Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), the sixteenth president of the unified States and also one the the most famed leaders in our country history. Lincoln to be President throughout the country Civil war (1861-1865), and he issued the Emancipation Proclamation that 1863, which proclaimed that servants within rebel says would it is in free. He is additionally known for the Gettysburg Address, delivered in 1863, i beg your pardon commemorated the fallen soldiers in the battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

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The memorial to be built in between 1914 and also 1922, and also the theme of the structure represents the Union. The 36 columns ~ above the external walls was standing for the 36 claims in the Union at the moment of Lincoln’s death. The name of the 48 states in the Union when the memorial to be completed are sculpted along the external of the memorial; a plaque honoring Alaska and also Hawaii is in the approach plaza.

The chamber within the memorial consists of the famous statue of Lincoln the was sculpted by Daniel Chester French; Lincoln is seated and also facing in the direction of the Washington Monument and the U.S. Capitol. ~ above the inside wall surfaces of the memorial space engraved the words of the Gettysburg resolve and Lincoln’s second Inaugural deal with of 1865. Behind the statue the Lincoln space these words, engraved top top the wall:

IN THIS TEMPLEAS IN THE hearts OF THE people FOR whom HE saved THE UNIONTHE storage OF ABRAHAM LINCOLNIS enshrined FOREVER

Located in between the Lincoln Memorial and also the Washington Monument is the mirroring Pool. It was created in 1922, simply after the Lincoln Memorial was completed. From the Lincoln Memorial, it mirrors the tall obelisk of the Washington Monument top top the surface ar of the water.

Abraham Lincoln Memorial facts and also figures:

The Lincoln Memorial is 190 feet by 118 feet and is 99 feet high.The statue of Lincoln is 19 feet high and weighs 175 tons.The mirroring Pool is 2,029 feet long and also 167 feet wide; it holds about 6,750,000 gallons the water.If girlfriend look closely, you have the right to see the statue that Lincoln inside the Lincoln Memorial top top the back of a penny.

To find out more, including an interactive tour, check out the Lincoln Memorial site.

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To see a handwritten draft of the Emancipation Proclamation, visit the national Archives site.