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Java Sea, Indonesian Laut Jawa, part of the western Pacific Ocean in between the archipelago of Java and Borneo. The is bordered by Borneo (Kalimantan) top top the north, the southern finish of Makassar Strait on the northeast, Celebes and the Flores and Bali seas on the east, Java on the south, the Sunda Straits come the Indian s on the southwest, Sumatra on the west, and also the archipelago of Bangka and also Belitung (bordering the southern China Sea) ~ above the northwest. The sea measures about 900 mile (1,450 km) east-west through 260 mile (420 km) north-south and occupies a total surface area that 167,000 square mile (433,000 square km). That covers the southern ar of the 690,000-square-mile (1,790,000-square-km) Sunda Shelf. A shallow sea, it has actually a average depth that 151 feet (46 metres). The nearly uniform flatness that the sea bottom and also the existence of drainage channels (traceable to the mouths that island rivers) suggest that the Sunda Shelf was when a stable, dry, low-relief soil area (peneplain) over which to be left standing a few monadnocks (granite hills that by virtue of your resistance to erosion kind the existing islands). Throughout the glacial step of low sea levels, at the very least parts that the shelf to be exposed above the sea to offer as floor bridges because that Asiatic fauna to migrate into western Indonesia. Indigenous September through may surface currents in the sea circulation west. For the remainder of the year they trend eastward. The large discharge indigenous rivers ~ above the bordering islands has tendency to lower salinity level in the sea.

The southern section of the seafloor has long been known as geologically comparable to northern Java, whereby oil areas occur and also extend under the sea. Future are likewise favourable for oil fields in the waters turn off southeast Kalimantan. As the website of successful exploration for petroleum and also natural gas, the Java Sea has end up being the communication of Indonesia’s export program.


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The sea was the step of a fight of world War II in between the Allies and also the Japanese. Battled on Feb. 27, 1942, the encounter led to a major defeat because that Allied naval forces; they lost five ships in the battle, and also the following day Japanese pressures were may be to start their invasion of the island that Java.

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This write-up was most recently revised and also updated by Amy Tikkanen, correction Manager.