It’s been 10 years due to the fact that actress Farrah Fawcett passed far from anal cancer. Originally diagnosed with the an illness in 2006, she was asserted cancer-free the following year. However, the cancer went back a couple of months later and also had metastasized to she liver. She died at the period of 62.

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Dr. Julian Sanchez, colorectal surgeon.

Anal cancer is fairly rare. This year, the American Cancer society estimates 8,300 men and also women will certainly be diagnosed through the disease. Dr. Julian Sanchez, a surgeon in Cancer Center’s gastrointestinal Oncology Clinic, says anal cancer mainly affects postmenopausal ladies and nearly all cases are led to by the human papillomavirus (HPV). HIV-positive patients as well as sexually energetic gay males are at higher risk because that anal cancer.

“HPV is lot like many other viruses in the human body that never ever really go away,” said Sanchez. “You acquire the early infection once you’re young and then together you age, the virus deserve to resurface. If you have HPV, the body is normally able to keep the virus at bay till it reappears later in life. It deserve to manifest an initial as a small bump or genital wart, yet can come earlier as a tumor.”

If captured early, Sanchez states anal cancer is really treatable. Most commonly treated v chemotherapy and also radiation, at an early stage or middle-stage disease has around an 80 come 95% five-year survive rate.

In Fawcett’s case, friend of the actress to speak she had actually been exhibiting symptoms because that a long period of time before seeing a doctor. “Putting diagnosis and also treatment on the earlier burner led to the negative prognosis,” Sanchez said. “These symptom usually do not construct overnight. Often patients will have symptoms such as pain and also bleeding.”

If anal cancer is not treated early and also effectively, the survive odds decrease and also patients usually have to have major surgery to eliminate their anus and also rectum. Castle will also need a permanent colostomy bag, a small pouch that collects waste from the body.

While there are right now no screening guidelines because that anal cancer, Sanchez states it’s essential to be self-aware and not let any kind of symptoms fester. That recommends routine checkups, consisting of rectal and also cervical exams and also Pap smears.

See more: Hillary Clinton Career Criminal Video Fact Check, Crooked Claims About Clinton is pioneering a screening clinic because that high-risk patients such as HIV-positive patients and also gay men. This first-of-its-kind clinic in the Tampa only area partnered with community physicians and the Hillsborough County health Department to provide anal Pap smears and risk-reducing high-resolution anoscopy therapy.

“The most necessary thing is prevention,” claimed Sanchez. “We can’t eradicate HPV, yet we can prevent it with a vaccine. The HPV vaccine deserve to prevent the next generation from developing cervical, penile, oropharyngeal and also anal cancers.”

Sanchez states it’s also important come raise awareness about the disease. “There space so many myths around anal cancer,” he said. “Most human being don’t desire to view a physician or even speak to it anal cancer since they think there’s a negative connotation connected with that — one that evokes promiscuity or reference on previous partner or spouses. We need to dispel these myths.”