Liberty Bell, independence Hall, PhiladelphiaPhotograph: James Bynum - supplied with permission.

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Welcome come Pennsylvania, the birthplace of independence and the Constitution. In 1681, once King Charles II granted wilhelm Penn, a Quaker, the vast tract of land that contains present-day Pennsylvania, the approve had strings attached: pen was required to repay the king by sending him two beaver pelts a year!

Penn and also the Quakers uncovered refuge from religious persecution here, and the land ended up being a haven because that others too, consisting of Mennonites and also Amish. Primarily of German descent, this "Pennsylvania Dutch" worked out in and around Lancaster County. Adhering come a simple method of life, the Pennsylvania dutch still live in the state"s relaxed farmland settings, shunning plenty of of the conveniences of modern America in donate of slower, much more peaceful ways. It is usual to watch a plodding horse and buggy top top the state"s country roads, moved by plainly-dressed people living a simpler, slower method of life.

Pennsylvania welcomes tourists with open arms, and also boasts the over 5 million tourist a year pertained to the calm Lancaster ar area to partake the a an ext relaxed lifestyle, beautiful landscapes, and also charmingly hospitable people.


The name Pennsylvania was specified in the charter offered to William pen by England"s Charles II in 1680. The Latin Sylvania an interpretation "woodlands" was included to pen to develop "Penn"s woods."


Independence Hall, Philadelphia

The Keystone State

A keystone is a central wedge in an arch that locks all various other pieces of an arch in place. The is the part of one arch the all various other parts count upon.

Pennsylvania"s famous nickname, "The Keystone State," describes this crucial element. Like many nicknames, that is no known, for certain, whereby this surname originated, however there space a couple of interesting thoughts around how this nickname involved be. They space all based upon the template of the necessity of a keystone in a sustaining structure.

In the poll for independence, ripe delegates come the continental Congress to be from the commonwealth of Pennsylvania. It"s said that the Pennsylvania delegation was split; four for independence and also four against. The deciding vote fell to man Morton.... Who voted for independence. Pennsylvania"s vote for self-reliance was provided as the keystone vote; the supporting vote for a brand-new government.

When the government was moved to Washington, D.C., a bridge was constructed over rock Creek come Georgetown. This leg was the Pennsylvania avenue Bridge. Pennsylvania"s initials were sculpted into the "keystone" the the arch sustaining the bridge.

Another explanation has actually it the Pennsylvania"s geographic location, among the initial thirteen colonies, to be the basis for this nickname.

Though the nickname"s origin is unknown, it"s specific that it to be in usage around, or shortly after, 1800. It"s reported the Pennsylvania to be toasted together "...the keystone the the commonwealth union" in ~ a Republican presidential win rally for cutting board Jefferson in 1802. Regardless of that is origin, the nickname has pertained to represent Pennsylvania"s geographic, economic, social and also political influence on advance of the united States.

The Quaker State

Pennsylvania is sometimes called "The Quaker State" in referral to the religion of william Penn and the Quakers who resolved in the state.

The Oil State

This nickname represented one of Pennsylvania"s three greatest industries. Today, Quaker State oil is a well-known brand.

The coal State

Coal mining, one of Pennsylvania"s best industries, to be the factor for this nickname.

The stole State

Another Pennsylvania industry, steel, is stood for by this nickname.


People that live in Pennsylvania or that come native Pennsylvania are called Pennsylvanians.


The republic of Pennsylvania has given birth to just one individual who attained the office of chairman of the united States:


United claims Mint Image

The 2nd state quarter minted in 1999, under the United says Mint"s 50 State Quarters® Program, was the of Pennsylvania, the "Keystone State".

The Pennsylvania quarter reflects the state"s keystone, commonwealth statue, and state motto "Virtue, Liberty, Independence" atop an rundown of the state. The republic statue has been on top of the state"s capitol dome since May 25, 1905. Her appropriate arm is expanded in mercy; she left arm holds a ribbon mace to symbolize justice.

For an ext about the state commemorative quarters, visit this page.

This 50 State 4 minutes 1 Map is a good way to collect and also display every 50 State Quarters.

Additional Information

PennsylvaniaBarbara A. Somervill

Pennsylvania (From Sea to Shining Sea),by Barbara A. Somervill. 80 pages. Publisher: Scholastic Library posting (February 2003) reading level: grades 3-5. Presents information about Pennsylvania"s people, geography, history, landmarks, herbal resources, government, state capitol, towns and also cities, and also more.

PennsylvaniaScott Ingram

Pennsylvania (World Almanac Library that the States),by Scott Ingram. 48 pages. Gareth Stevens publishing (January 1, 2002) reading level: qualities 4-6. Filled v the many up-to-date information, including the latest Census results. Full-color photos bring to life the story that Pennsylvania. In enhancement to an detailed factual file of Pennsylvania in the form of a state Almanac, this publication offers fascinating and lively discussions that the state"s history, people, geography, government, economy, culture, and lifestyles. A ar on noteworthy People, a calendar the events, and enough primary source documents, time lines, maps, and other tools to do this unquestionably the ideal young adult reference product on the USA easily accessible anywhere.

A history ofPennsylvaniaPhilip S. Klein

A background of Pennsylvania,by Philip S. Klein. 648 pages. Publisher: Pennsylvania State university Press; 2 Enl sub edition (October 1980) Acclaimed as the standard history of the Keystone State, this publication has to be updated come cover the 1978 gubernatorial election and also other advances - political, economic, social, and cultural - during the six years since publication the the original edition.Dozens of brand-new illustrations have been added throughout the book, and also both the text and the chapter-end bibliographies take account of far-ranging recent scholarship.

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Pennsylvania: A history of the Commonwealth,Edited by Randall M. Miller and also William Pencak. 712 pages. Publisher: Pennsylvania State University press (October 2002) Co-published v Pennsylvania Historical and also Museum Commission, Pennsylvania: A history of the republic offers new perspectives on the Keystone State from a distinguished variety of scholar who watch the background of this commonwealth critically and honestly, using the latest and also best scholarship to provide a modern-day account the Pennsylvania"s past. They perform so through emphasizing the advancement of Pennsylvania as a place and an idea. The book, the first comprehensive background of Pennsylvania in virtually three decades, set the Pennsylvania story in the bigger context of national social, cultural, economic, and also political development. There is no sacrificing treatment of the influential leaders who made Pennsylvania history, the publication focuses specifically on the resides of everyday human being over the centuries. It also magnifies historical events by analyzing the experiences of local neighborhoods throughout the state.