Not sure where the Gulf of Mexico is? maybe you’re mindful that it’s located along the Gulf coast but don’t recognize the exact boundaries, or possibly you’re trying to number out if it’s component of the Atlantic ocean or not. We’re below to help!
In this guide, we describe exactly whereby the Gulf of Mexico is and also what its borders are, and we encompass a Gulf the Mexico map so you have the right to see a visual of it. To finish your Gulf the Mexico knowledge, we also go over all the key information you have to know about its physics geography and also history. We finish with some fun facts around the Gulf (spoiler alert: it’s residence to a most sharks!).
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Where Is the Gulf of Mexico?
The Gulf of Mexico (Golfo de México in Spanish) is situated in the Atlantic Ocean, and also the majority of the is bordered through the unified States and also Mexico. come its north, northeast, and northwest, the Gulf the Mexico is bordered through the Gulf shore of the United states (Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida). Come the south and southwest, the Gulf the Mexico is bordered by Mexico. Come the southeast, it"s bounded by the Caribbean Sea and also Cuba.
Here’s a Gulf the Mexico map:
What Is the Physical location of the Gulf of Mexico?
Gulfs are large bodies of saltwater that can be navigated and are practically surrounded by land. They affix a sea/ocean come a landmass and often have actually narrower openings 보다 bays (although this isn’t a tough rule).
In geographic terms, the Gulf the Mexico is additionally an s basin. An ocean container is merely any big area covered with seawater and located listed below sea level. All major bodies the saltwater, consisting of the oceans, are s basins.
So is the Gulf that Mexico an ocean? No, return many civilization make the mistake, together the an interpretation of an ocean is actually rather vague. Both oceans and gulfs are large bodies the saltwater, however gulfs space smaller and are bordered on three sides by land. Oceans, the biggest bodies the water in the world, have actually no exact boundaries, and they are bordered by seas (the Caribbean Sea separates the Gulf that Mexico native the Atlantic Ocean). The Gulf the Mexico is shallower, saltier, and also warmer 보다 the Atlantic Ocean. return it has actually its very own name and also boundaries, the Gulf of Mexico deserve to be considered part of the Atlantic ocean as oceans have actually no difficult boundaries.
The Gulf’s container is person that is abnormal flat, v a gradient that only around 1 foot every every 8,000 feet. The Gulf the Mexico covers roughly 615,000 mi² (1.6 million km²) and is about 930 mile (1,500 km) wide. It contains about 2,500 quadrillion liters that saltwater.
A Brief background of the Gulf that Mexico
The Gulf the Mexico was likely formed about 300 million years earlier when part of the ocean floor progressively sank due to plate tectonics. The area then filled through seawater, developing the Gulf the Mexico.
Although native Americans life in the region used the Gulf of Mexico for centuries together a source of food and also building materials, the very first European to check out the Gulf to be Italian Amerigo Vespucci in 1497. extr explorers, such as Francisco Hernández de Córdoba Pánfilo de Narváez later explored the area, often capturing and enslaving local people as they go so.
Over the centuries, world continued to usage the Gulf that Mexico as a resource of food and also resources, and also for navigation. Population follow me the Gulf coast exploded in the 1950s, and also the rising number of people living along the Gulf resulted in increased pollution problems. Today, the most serious air pollution threats to the Gulf the Mexico come from oil drilling and agricultural runoff. “Red tide” birds blooms in the Gulf have actually led to large die-offs of maritime species, and also the Gulf of Mexico is report to contain one of the highest possible levels the microplastics in the world.
Due come the warm water temperatures in the Gulf that Mexico, hurricanes regularly form there. one of the most terrible was Hurricane Katrina, which created in the Gulf of Mexico in 2005 and also caused end 1,200 deaths and $125 exchange rate in damage, mostly focused in new Orleans, Louisiana and also surrounding areas.
The Gulf of Mexico has actually been a resource of oil since 1938, once the first oil well was drilled there. It has grown to become one of the world’s most essential offshore petroleum manufacturing sites, and around 17% the the US’s oil originates from there. on April 20, 2010, an explode on the Deepwater Horizon platform brought about the biggest oil spill in history. around 4.9 million barrels precious of oil spilled right into the Gulf that Mexico, resulting in massive damages to marine, wildlife, and fishing habitats. It’s considered one that the worst natural tragedies in history, and also efforts come reverse few of the damage that was resulted in are tho ongoing. Today, over there are about 27,000 exit oil and also gas wells under the Gulf.
11 exciting Facts around the Gulf of Mexico
Still interested in learning an ext about the Gulf that Mexico? below are 11 facts around the Gulf.
The Gulf the Mexico is the biggest gulf in the world, as well as the world 9th biggest body that water.
Over 40 species of sharks live in the Gulf that Mexico. Several of these Gulf of Mexico sharks incorporate bull sharks, hammerhead sharks, and also lemon sharks.
The Gulf of Mexico is fed by the waters of 33 American rivers, the biggest of i m sorry is the Mississippi River.
The Gulf of Mexico is bordered by 1,680 miles of us coastline.
Shrimp and also oysters space the most typical fish commodities harvested native the Gulf.
About 5 million acre of wetlands border the Gulf the Mexico.
How deep is the Gulf the Mexico? While many of the Gulf of Mexico is reasonably shallow, its deepest suggest is Sigsbee Deep, which has actually an estimated maximum depth that 14,383 feet!
There have been end 750 well-known shipwrecks in the Gulf that Mexico.
The Gulf Stream, a warmth Atlantic current, originates in the Gulf the Mexico and influences the climate of both the east shore of the unified States and the west shore of Europe. It often raises the Gulf the Mexico water temperature, i m sorry can likewise lead to the formation and also strengthening that hurricanes.
Fish caught in the Gulf that Mexico make up about ⅕ of the total capture in the US.
Black coral that grows in the Gulf the Mexico is thought to be among the oldest living organisms on Earth. The coral is estimated to be over 2,000 years old.
Looking for more fun facts?We"ve gathered 113 the the many amazing truth you have the right to use to admire anyone you meet.
Interested in early on American history? inspect out our guide on the 13 colonies for everything you should know around the colonies and how the US came to be.
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