Men over 40 who have form 2 diabetes may confront an increased risk for occurring penile yeast infections.Robert Nicholas/Getty Images
Yeast infections are usually linked with women, but men aren't safe from these infections, either.

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The ax "yeast infection" usually refers to a vaginal infection caused through the yeast Candida albicans, and less commonly other Candida species, consisting of C. GlabrataC. ParapsilosisC. Tropicalis, and C. Krusei. (1)

But yeast infections, or candidiasis, can impact other locations of the body.

For instance, a yeast infection of the mouth is called thrush, or dental candidiasis, and a yeast epidemic of the skin (such together the armpits and groin) is referred to as cutaneous candidiasis. (2,3)

A yeast epidemic of the cock is referred to as candidal (or candida) balanitis, or balanitis thrush.

The hatchet "balanitis" refers to an infection of the glans penis, which is the head the the penis. Candida infects the glans penis more often than any other infectious agent.

If the yeast infection also affects the foreskin, it is known as candidal balanoposthitis. (4)

Prevalence that Candidal Balanitis, a Yeast epidemic of the Penis

Candida yeasts space responsible for 30 to 35 percent that all cases of balanitis, according to a report published in the journal Clinical Microbiology Reviews. (4)

Other infectious sources of balanitis encompass streptococci and staphylococci bacteria, Herpes simplex virus and human papillomavirus, and also a sexually transmitted bacterium dubbed Mycoplasma genitalium. (5)

But candida balanitis is no well studied, so it's unsure how plenty of men the disease affects annually (though it's believed to it is in a rarely condition).

Various Candida species, most notably C. Albicans, live in the gastrointestinal tract and other warm areas of the human body without causing illness (they only cause issues as soon as they're present in big numbers). (4)

In fact, around 20 percent of females have Candida living in their vagina and also don't suffer any yeast epidemic symptoms, according to a report released in the journal The Lancet. (1)

Candida is commonly found ~ above the penis, with studies arguing that 16 to 26 percent that men bring the yeast. Around 37 percent of men with Candida experience no symptoms, while 27 percent of them develop balanitis, follow to a study of new attendees come a clinic for sexually transmitted diseases. (6)

Causes and Risk components of Candidal Balanitis or Penile Yeast Infection

Unlike with vaginal yeast infections, penile yeast infections space usually sexually acquired — when a man has actually sex with someone who has a yeast infection.

But candidal balanitis isn't considered a sexually sent an illness (STD) because men can obtain the infection without having actually sex.

There are numerous risk components that rise a man's threat of obtaining a penile yeast infection, including:

Antibiotics, which death the "good" bacteria that keep Candida's numbers in check

Additionally, Candida yeast colonization and also infection are an ext common among men with uncircumcised penises than guys with circumcised penises (the warm, moist environment underneath the foreskin promotes yeast growth). (6)

A study published in the Journal of europe Academy the Dermatology and also Venereology discovered that candidal balanitis was strongly connected with period over 40 years and also diabetes mellitus. And men older than 60 year were much more likely to have actually Candida colonization. (7)

Hygiene may likewise play a role in candidal balanitis development.

Washing through perfumed shower gels and also soaps deserve to irritate the skin, potentially helping Candida multiply. (8)

Symptoms of male Yeast epidemic (Candidal Balanitis)

Common symptom of candidal balanitis include:

Redness and swellingSmall, rash-like bumps dubbed papules, i beg your pardon may have pusPain throughout urination or sex

If you have actually candidal balanoposthitis, friend may additionally have:

A thick, lumpy discharge under the foreskinAn uncomfortable odor of the foreskinDifficulty pulling back your foreskin

Men through diabetes might experience an ext severe symptoms, including fluid buildup and ulceration of the penis, and also fissuring that the foreskin.

Complications through balanitis room rare, but may include an i can not qualify to retract the foreskin, cellulitis (inflammation of connective organization beneath the skin), and also a narrowing the the urethra that renders urinating difficult. (6,9)

Treating Penile Yeast infections (Yeast infection in Men)

Like quality yeast infections, penile yeast infections are quickly treated with antifungal drugs referred to as azoles.

There are a number of over-the-counter and prescription-based topical medicines available, including:

In part cases, this drugs might be an unified with hydrocortisone come reduce marked inflammation.

Importantly, object oil-based medication can not be offered with latex condoms.

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Alternatively, an oral azole medication called Diflucan (fluconazole) is effective for yeast infections.

If the object or dental treatments don't work, make sure to see your doctor, together you may have an additional kind that balanitis or an infection by a Candida species resistant to azole antifungals. (6,10)