Medically the review by Stacy Sampson, D.O. — created by Claire Gillespie — to update on September 18, 2018

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Intestinal worms, also known as parasitic worms, are among the main species of minister parasites. Common species of minister worms include:

flatworms, which incorporate tapeworms and flukes roundworms, which cause ascariasis, pinworm, and hookworm infections

Read on come learn an ext about minister worms.

Common symptom of minister worms are:

abdominal paindiarrhea, nausea, or vomitinggas/bloatingfatigueunexplained weight lossabdominal pain or tenderness

A human with intestinal worms may also experience dysentery. Dysentery is when an intestinal infection causes diarrhea v blood and also mucus in the stool. Intestinal worms can also cause a rashes or itching approximately the rectum or vulva. In some cases, you will certainly pass a worm in her stool during a bowel movement.

Some world may have intestinal worms for years without experiencing any type of symptoms.

One method to end up being infected through intestinal worms is eating undercooked meat from an infected animal, such together a cow, pig, or fish. Other possible causes bring about intestinal worm epidemic include:

consumption of contaminated waterconsumption the contaminated soilcontact with contaminated fecespoor sanitation bad hygiene

Roundworms are commonly transmitted through contact with contaminated soil and also feces.

Once you’ve consumed the contaminated substance, the parasite travels right into your intestine. Then they reproduce and also grow in the intestine. As soon as they reproduce and also become bigger in amount and size, symptoms may appear.

Children are specifically susceptible to minister worms. That’s because they might play in environments with contaminated soil, such as sandboxes and also school playgrounds. Older adults are also at increased risk as result of weakened immune systems.

According come the human being Health company (WHO), around 10 percent of people in the occurring world are infected with intestinal worms. People in emerging countries are at the highest risk because of drinking water native contaminated sources and because of reduced sanitation levels.

If girlfriend have any of the over symptoms, and especially if you have traveled out of the nation recently, you should make one appointment through your doctor. Her doctor might then carry out an check of your stool. It might take numerous stool samples to confirm the parasite’s presence.

Another test is the “Scotch tape” test, i m sorry involves using tape to the anus several times in order come retrieve pinworm eggs, which deserve to be determined under a microscope.

If worms or eggs space not detected, your physician may bring out a blood test to look because that antibodies her body produces when it’s infected through a parasite. Additionally, her doctor may take one X-ray or use imaging exam such together computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) depending upon the level or location(s) of an illness suspected.

Some types of minister worms, such as tapeworms, might disappear ~ above their very own if you have a strong immune system and healthy diet and also lifestyle. However, relying on the kind of minister worm infection, one may require treatment through an antiparasitic medication. Significant symptoms do not do it be ignored. Check out your doctor if you:

have blood or pus in her stool space vomiting everyday or frequentlyhave an elevated human body temperatureare incredibly fatigued and also dehydrated

Your treatment setup will it is in determined based on the form of minister worm you have and also your symptoms. Tapeworm infections room usually treated with an dental medication, such as praziquantel (Biltricide), i m sorry paralyzes the adult tapeworm. The praziquantel (Biltricide) causes the tapeworms to detach from the gut, come to be dissolved, and then pass the end of her body v your stool.

Common treatments for a roundworm infection include mebendazole (Vermox, Emverm) and albendazole (Albenza).

Symptoms typically start to improve after a few weeks of treatment. Your physician will most likely take and also analyze another stool sample after therapy is finish to watch if the worms have disappeared.

Intestinal worms rise your risk for anemia and intestinal blockages. Symptom occur more frequently in enlarge adults and also in world who have suppressed immune systems, such as civilization with HIV or AIDS infection.

Intestinal worm infections deserve to pose a greater risk if she pregnant. If you’re pregnant and also are found to have an intestinal worm infection, your doctor will determine which antiparasitic medication therapy is safe to take throughout pregnancy and also will screen you very closely while you are treated throughout pregnancy.

To prevent intestinal worms, regularly wash your hands through soap and hot water before and also after utilizing the toilet and before prepare or eating foods.

You should also practice food safety:

avoid life fish and meatthoroughly cook meat to temperatures of at least 145°F (62.8°C) for whole cuts the meat and 160°F (71°C) because that ground meat and also poultrylet cooked meat rest for 3 minutes prior to carving or consumingfreeze fish or meat to –4°F (–20°C) because that at the very least 24 hourswash, peel, or chef all raw fruits and vegetableswash or reheat any type of food that drops on the floor

If you’re visiting arising countries, cook fruits and vegetables v boiled or purified water before eating, and also avoid contact with floor that may be contaminated with human being feces.


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Medically reviewed by Stacy Sampson, D.O. — composed by Claire Gillespie — to update on September 18, 2018