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Today, September 16, is Mexican freedom Day—and this year the nation will also be celebrate the 200th anniversary that the end of Spanish dominance in 1821.

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In 1810, just before dawn top top September 16, a priest named Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla rallied mexican in a speak to for a revolution, moving the "Grito de Dolores" battle cry.

According come the U.S. Library of Congress, Hidalgo said: "My children, a new dispensation pertains to us today...Will you complimentary yourselves? will certainly you recover the lands steal 300 years ago from your forefathers by the hated Spaniards? We have to act in ~ once."

Mexican self-reliance Day ("Día de Independencia") is typically celebrated with fireworks, fiestas and parades.


A Brief background of mexico Independence

Spain"s occupation of the region began in the late 15th century. By the 19th century—and an especially after Napoleon occupied Spain in 1808—calls because that an fall of European colonial rule started to conference force.

Hidalgo, a Catholic monk from a village called Dolores, formed a group and planned a rebellion in October 1810. Word gained out around the plan, however, and the authorities ordered the monk to be arrested, forcing the team to relocate quickly.


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Mexican chairman Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador waves a mexico flag top top the key balcony of the nationwide Palace during the "El Grito" ceremony noting the begin of Mexican self-reliance Day celebrations in Mexico City ~ above September 15, 2021.Pedro Pardo/AFP via Getty ImagesIn the at an early stage morning of September 16, the monk rang the bell the his church to gather fellow Mexicans come the building and delivered the contact to eight that came to be known as the "Grito de Dolores."

The speech ignited Mexico"s battle of Independence, which led to the end of Spanish ascendancy in 1821.

The brothers Mexican society explains: "The war had actually its root in Napoleon"s French invasion of Spain in 1808; it expanded from the Grito de Dolores by dad Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla on September 16, 1810, come the entrance of the military of the Three assures led through Agustín de Iturbide come Mexico City top top September 27, 1821.

"The three promises which the army was supposed to safeguard were: religion, independence and also unity. Mexico was to it is in a Catholic country, independent from Spain, and united versus its enemies."


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A man wears a confront mask featuring the mexico flag throughout Independence job celebrations in 2020 in Mexico City. Hector Vivas/Getty Images

How come Say "Happy Mexican freedom Day" in Spanish

In the speech ceded by Hidalgo on September 16, that shouted, "Viva Mexico!" and "Viva la independencia!" to wish world a "Happy Mexican freedom Day," just repeat his words: "Viva Mexico!" and also "Viva la independencia!"

Mexican independence Day Celebrations

The brother Mexican culture explains that every year on the night of Mexican self-reliance Day, at about 11 p.m. Neighborhood time, the country"s president stands top top the balcony that the nationwide Palace and rings a bell, as Hidalgo go in 1810.

The chairman recites "El Grito Mexicano," a speech based on Hidalgo"s proclamation that additionally lists the surname of heroes in the Mexican war of Independence. The ceremony concludes with "Viva México!" shouted three times.

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Today"s Google Doodle because that the find engine"s Mexico an ar celebrates Mexican self-reliance Day.


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A check out of a government structure in Mexico City illuminated for independence Day celebrations on September 15, 2021.PEDRO PARDO/AFP via Getty Images