Do I have to stick come "Mörder" (murderer)? The trouble is that this way (at least to non-native speakers), the this human was discovered guilty for murdering. However what around soldiers etc.?
KilianFoth mentioned the most important ones in a comment already: Mord ‘murder’, Totschlag ‘man-slaughter’, fahrlässige Tötung ‘involuntary homicide’, Körperverletzung / Gewaltanwendung / unterlassene Hilfeleistung mit Todesfolge. There are likewise several (related) verbs: ermorden, töten, erschlagen and more specific ones.
Although it would certainly be possible to have actor nouns from these, e.g. Töter, most are not conventionalized. Ns think Totschläger in particular used to be much more common, but the indigenous is much more likely being supplied to refer to a details kind of club nowadays. Note that Totschlag walk not require beating or hitting, however erschlagen generally does.
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Totmacher, prefer tot machen ‘make dead’, is only discovered in child-like speak.
In legitimate contexts, Mörder is restricted to intentional killings and also some more conditions, otherwise it’s provided frequently and also without lot discrimination. The anglicism Killer (and the verb killen) has tendency to be restricted to the more ruthless cases, as in Auftragskiller ‘hitman’.
There is a variety of special noun by frequency, method or target that killing, but most are simply compounds the Mörder: Mehrfach- / Massen- / Serien- / Kinder- / Frauen- / Sex(ual)- / Ritual- / Raub- / Axt- / Giftmörder, but also Würger ‘strangler’ (and erwürgen), Todesschütze ‘shooter’, Attentäter ‘assassin, terrorist’, Messerstecher ‘stabber’, Bombenleger ‘bomberʼ, Schlächter ‘slayer, slaughtererʼ.
A killer that hasn’t to be convicted yet is usually referred to as mutmaßlicher Mörder or vermutlicher Mörder or, if one wanted to express some doubt around the verdict, angeblicher Mörder. These adjectives can, that course, likewise be used to the much more generic Täter or Gewalttäter, which require contextual information around the crime in question.
You may want to note that number of verbs pertinent in this context require the thing Mord (or Totschlag etc.) to be in the slate case, which is rather unusual, e.g. jemanden des Mordes beschuldigen / verdächtigen and jemanden wegen Mordes anklagen.
There have actually actually to be court situations to recognize whether the Tucholsky quote “Soldaten sind Mörder” to be a defamation the soldiers. Far better avoid. “Soldaten töten” would certainly be much much less controversial.
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There are couple of other “jobs” that involve death of humans. Executioners are properly called Henker or Scharfrichter, but if over there still was funding punishment in buzzpatterson.com speaking countries I guess there would be a more complex, not authorised sounding, bureaucratic designation like “ausführender Justizvollzugsbeamter”. Suizidhelfer would be offered for assisted suicide, whereas any compounds the Selbstmord are avoided because that the most part. The (yellow) press functions a whole bunch that (mostly awful) metaphors, e.g. Todesengel or Todesfee ‘angel / fairy of death’ because that ICU registered nurses pulling the plug or overdosing their patients.
PS: Every accident happens for a factor (Unfallursache) and usually who is therefore responsible for it (Unfallverursacher) and likewise the reason of fatality (Todesursache) may be the an outcome of the action of a Todesverursacher. Return an uncommon, probably unidiomatic word, this cannot really be considered a neologism.