For most, peeing is such a mundane job that you perform it without offering it too much thought (unless, you know, you"re attract a romper—so complicated).

You are watching: How do you stop your urine from smelling?

But what if, when you sit down and relieve yourself, girlfriend notice...smelly urine? even if it is it"s extra pungent or, uh, fishy, having actually a weird smell emanating from under there can be freaky. But honestly, there are some perfectly logical (and completely harmless) reasons of smelly pee odor.

Here"s what could be causing that stinky pee, and how to attend to each issue.

1. You"re dehydrated.

The number-one reason of smelly pee? no drinking sufficient water. "When your body is dehydrated, the urine has a strong odor and appears dark in color,” says Sherry Ross, MD, one ob-gyn in ~ Providence St. John’s Health center in Santa Monica. It’s her body’s method of telling you to rehydrate, stat.

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How regularly Should You yes, really Be Peeing?

What come do about it: Don"t wait until your toilet water turns a the shade of mustard yellow come start including some extra H2O to her diet. Instead, save a water party handy (at your desk, in her bag, wherever) therefore you deserve to drink as regularly as you feeling like, claims Dr. Ross. If you’ve excellent a an excellent job hydrating, your pee will certainly be the color of pale straw or a an ext transparent yellow (think: fresh-made lemonade), follow to the medical professionals at UC san Diego Health.

But don’t pat yourself on the back if girlfriend look into the toilet and don’t watch a bit of yellow—totally clear urine means you’ve over-hydrated (yes, that’s a thing). The optimal lot of water every day, btw: eight glasses.

2. You ate something v a strong smell.

Quick Q: have actually you ever consumed asparagus and noticed that your urine afterward? You"re no alone: 40 percent of people can in reality smell a distinction in their pee after eat asparagus, follow to a 2016 research in the British clinical Journal (according to the study, it"s actually referred to as asparagus anosmia, and also it"s because of genetic variations in ours senses the smell, not the to pee itself).

But asparagus isn"t the just food the can change the odor of your urine. "Certain foods items like Brussels sprouts, onions, some spices, garlic, curry, salmon, and alcohol can adjust the smell," claims Dr. Ross.

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A high-salt diet can also make her urine much more concentrated, providing it a stronger scent 보다 what you may be provided to. Yet if too much salt is the cause of your smelly urine, you could have larger problems. Some research has connected high-salt diets v stomach ulcers and also infections, and an excess of salt can likewise keep girlfriend dehydrated since sodium draws water the end of your cells and into her blood (in an initiative to dilute the salt in her blood).

What to do around it: General medical advice states it’s finest to slash the salt. Your body will feel better, and your urine won’t odor so foul. As much as eating those other foods goes, suppose some contempt stinky to pee afterward and also don"t issue too lot (it"ll go away in a work or so as soon as you"ve digested and also passed the food).

3. You just drank some coffee.

Some civilization "may notice an exciting odor when they"ve consumed coffee," states Adam Ramin, MD, a urologist and medical manager of Urology Cancer professionals in Los Angeles. The smelly urine odor is because of coffee metabolites (a.k.a. Byproducts indigenous coffee after the gets damaged down in your body).

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What to do about it: Really, coffee-smelling pee is NBD, yet the fact that coffee is a diuretic means you can have dehydrated (read: more concentrated) pee, and also that can be an issue. Shot drinking a glass the water before or after your morning (and afternoon, and maybe also night—hey, us don’t judge) cup that coffee, simply to stop dehydration.

4. You have a urinary tract infection.

The most typical medically worrying reason because that smelly urine is a urinary tract infection (UTI), follow to Dr. Ross. UTIs often tend to be an ext prevalent in world with vulvas, according to the Office ~ above Women"s health and wellness (OWH) due to the fact that their urethras have tendency to it is in shorter, inviting an ext bacteria to enter the bladder. In fact, to pee that has actually a solid ammonia smell, or foul, or slightly sweet-smelling urine is regularly the first indication that you have actually a UTI.

Basically, the strange urine odor is the bacteria"s fault (because bacteria is what reasons UTIs in the an initial place). That bacteria is also what makes your urine appear cloudy or bloody and also gives you the telltale burn while peeing sensation, according to OWH. If you doubt a UTI, speak to her doctor automatically so friend can obtain started on one antibiotic.

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What come do around it: Even ~ you finish those antibiotics, save a vigilant eye (or..umm...nose) on how your pee smells. Around four in 10 vagina-owners who gain a UTI will get another one in ~ the next six months, according to OWH. Since off-smelling pee can be the first sign that this certain medical condition, paying fist to your urine smell can get you into the gyno sooner rather than later.

5. You might have diabetes or prediabetes.

One of the very first ways diabetes manifests is in the bathroom, causing you to have to urinate more frequently, states Muhammad Shamim Khan, MD, a urologist in ~ Guy’s and St Thomas’ Hospital.

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Because her body doesn’t process sugar the same method others’ do, you may likewise have “fruity” or sweet-smelling urine, thanks to the extra sugar being excreted by your kidneys. Many likely, sweet smell urine will be a authorize of type 2 diabetes—the form that happens when your human body doesn’t usage insulin well and therefore can’t manage blood sugar, fairly than kind 1, which is much an ext rare and also happens once someone’s human body doesn’t do insulin at all. Type 2 diabetes is typically diagnosed in adults, according to the CDC, because it develops over plenty of years.

Certain populations have higher rates that diabetes and also prediabetes, including Black, Latinx, aboriginal American, and some oriental American communities, in component because that disparities in health care access, too as accessibility to exercise and also nutrition resources, research has actually found.

So if you’re odor fruity pee together an adult, it’s possible that type 2 diabetes is the culprit. The scent, coupled v needing to run to the toilet more than usual, means you may want to obtain your blood sugar levels checked, states Dr. Khan.

What to do about it: If you currently have been diagnosed v either type 1 or form 2 diabetes (or also gestational diabetes, i beg your pardon can take place when you’re pregnant) and then start having sweet odor urine, it’s a sign that you’re not dealing with your condition well, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. And also you’ll most likely want to talk v your doc ASAP.

6. You use douche products.

Douching using scented feminine hygiene commodities is usual in certain cultures, OWH reports. Numerous women exercise the habit to improve cleanliness, vaginal odor, or to treat vaginal infections in part cases.

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But unfortunately, douching deserve to expose you to organic compound that room dangerous for your health, according to a 2020 study published in the Journal that Women"s Health. It"s also much more likely to reason infections than remedy them. Not just does douching not clean your vagina, but it can also mess up the microbiome (a.k.a. The atmosphere of healthy bacteria) the your whole genital area, worsening negative smells quite than boosting them, states Dr. Ross. And that consists of the odor of her pee.

Plus, messing increase that fragile environment might actually twin your threat of ovarian cancer.

What to do around it: Skip the douche. If you"re practicing great hygiene (washing the exterior bits of your vulva with fragrance-free soap and warm water only) and there"s nothing rather going on through your vag, you totally don"t have to douche anyway. Numerous of the reasons of smelly urine have actually something to perform with bacteria, and douching messes increase the bacteria that naturally live in and also around her vagina. A healthy vagina has actually a mix the both good and harmful bacteria, according to OWH. Once you douche, you threat washing out too countless of the an excellent bacteria and giving the negative bacteria an upper hand, which can easily lead to an infection.

If you’re worried about the odor of your vagina, view a doctor instantly to decide the real cause instead the trying come mask it v douching.

7. You have actually kidney stones.

Kidney stones are hard masses the can kind in her kidneys when specific chemicals in your urine start to crystallize. If that’s no clear enough, let united state spell the out: Kidney stones space made of pee, according to the nationwide Kidney Foundation.

So it’s not too shocking that kidney stones are one cause of smelly urine. If a kidney rock tries to do its means out of your body it causes a back-up of to pee (and probably a urinary street infection). That backup leads to foul smelling pee the may likewise look cloudy.

What to do around it: If her pee is smelly and also is add by cloudy urine and also pain in your ago or side, watch a physician to gain that kidney stone out of there ASAP.

Unfortunately, there might not it is in too much you have the right to do to prevent kidney stones in the an initial place, as infections and family background of kidney stones space one cause. But the national Kidney structure says that drinking too tiny water, working out either too small or as well much, and too much salt or sugar (especially fructose) could also contribute to kidney stones. If you’ve had actually one stone and don’t want one more (cause why would certainly you), adjusting those way of life factors might help.

8. You have a yeast infection.

Itchy yeast infections take place when a naturally developing fungus that resides in your vagina it s okay a chance to flourish wild. Every person has a various vaginal microbiome, however some ways yeast it s okay the hint the it’s party time are once you take antibiotics, you’re pregnant, you have uncontrolled diabetes, you have an impaired immune system, or you begin taking either hormonal birth manage or hormone prescribed for menopause, according to the mei Clinic.

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Yeast epidemic come v a distinctive “yeasty” smell, thanks to the imbalance of quality bacteria, says Dr. Ross. While, yes, yeast infections room technically in her vagina, because your urethra is for this reason close, your urine deserve to pick up the scent together well.

What to do around it: OTC creams and suppositories (like Monistat) can acquire your microbiome earlier to normal, and if those aren"t gaining rid that the itch or raised discharge, speak to your doc. They have the right to prescribe one antibiotic the can assist you acquire over the infection.

9. You actually have actually an undiagnosed genetic disorder.

This is most likely the least likely script here, but certain genetic obstacle are associated with a poor urine odor. If her pee smells “foul,” “sour,” or “fishy,” you could have a medical condition called trimethylaminuria, which offers you terrible body odor no matter how much you brush your teeth, shower, or bathe.

According come the National human Genome study Institute, trimethylaminuria is an ext common in women, and multiple studies imply that it might be more prevalent amongst Black American women. Symptoms have the right to worsen or become more noticeable about puberty, before or throughout your period, ~ taking oral contraceptives, or around menopause.

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What come do around it: There"s no cure for the disorder, yet by working through your doctor, there room lifestyle transforms you deserve to make to mitigate the smell. For example, doctors might suggest preventing foods that include trimethylamine and particular other compounds, such as milk, eggs, peas, beans, peanuts, and brassicas (which include foods prefer Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cabbage, and cauliflower). Castle may additionally suggest particular supplements and taking low doses the antibiotics to minimize the lot of bacteria in your gut.

10. You"re pregnant.

Here"s a funny fact: The hormone changes that make it possible to grow a baby—estrogen and progesterone—can make her pee odor a little bit you, at least.

“Urine have the right to have a an ext pungent smell from the hormones produced during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester,” states Dr. Ross—but it"s no necessarily a large change in her pee; rather, your ability to odor it (women often tend to have actually a slightly enhanced sense the smell throughout pregnancy).

What to do about it: Unfortunately, there’s not lot you can do to against the odor in this case. Maybe just plug your nose as soon as you pee?

11. You"re ovulating.

The same hormones the gestate a infant (again, estrogen and also progesterone) are likewise at work during your constant cycle, albeit on a smaller scale, claims Dr. Ross. That method you may be more aware that the odor of your very own pee once you"re ovulating—though there’s in reality nothing off about your urine’s odor.

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What come do about it: Again, the hormone aren’t necessarily an altering the odor of your urine itself, they space amping up your capacity to odor it. Not lot you can do because that this one yet flush and get outta the toilet quickly.

12. You can have an STI.

As if sexuallytransfer epidemic weren"t sufficient fun (sarcasm, clearly), several of them can likewise cause foul-smelling urine, says Dr. Ross.

Chlamydia is the most common culprit, complied with by trichomoniasis, a sexually transmitted parasite. Both often show no or really mild symptoms at your onset (which is why it’s so crucial to regularly get tested because that STIs)—wait as well long and they might progress, make smelly urine the least of her problems.

When you do display symptoms, chlamydia can cause abnormal quality discharge and also a burning sensation as soon as you pee, if trichomoniasis can additionally cause a readjust in quality discharge and uncomfortable urination and also itching, burning, redness, or soreness in your genital area, follow to the CDC.

What to do about it: If girlfriend even doubt you have one of these diseases, Dr. Ross says to acquire screened automatically so friend can obtain the meds you need to eliminate them.

13. You just started acquisition supplements.

Some supplements, vitamins, and also medications can reason changes in her urine smell, claims Dr. Ross. Artificial flavors are placed in some pill coatings to make them an ext palatable, but they deserve to also adjust the odor of her urine.

What to do around it: The most most likely offenders? Pills high in vitamin B6, including some multivitamins, heart, and also pregnancy medications. It"s not particularly worrisome, claims Dr. Ross, however be certain to mention your urine odor to your doctor if you"re concerned about it, if it transforms suddenly, or if you suffer other an unfavorable side effects in addition to the smell.

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Korin MillerKorin müller is a freelance writer specializing in basic wellness, sex-related health and relationships, and also lifestyle trends, through work appearing in Men’s Health, Women’s Health, Self, Glamour, and more.
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