The little US communities of Rachel and also Hiko, close to the highly mystery Area 51 facility in Nevada, are bracing themselves because that a feasible influx the visitors.

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The famous Facebook occasion "Storm Area 51, lock Can't Stop every one of Us" is because of take place on 20 September - even though the human being who came up through the idea claims it to be a joke.


Area 51 describes a map location and is the renowned name because that a United claims Air force base. That is at Groom Lake, a dried lake bed in the Nevada Desert, 85 miles (135km) north of las Vegas.


What go on inside is very secret. Members of the general public are maintained away through warning signs, electronic surveillance and armed guards.


It is additionally illegal to fly end Area 51, back the site is now visible top top satellite images. The base has actually runways approximately 12,000ft (2.3 miles/3.7km) long.


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Image source, Getty Images
Image caption, Some regional businesses in the tiny town the Rachel have embraced Area 51's association v alien mythology

The facility is alongside two other limited military areas: the Nevada check Site, where us nuclear tools were tested from the 1950s come the 1990s, and also the Nevada Test and Training Range.


According to the united state military, it to represent "a flexible, realistic and also multidimensional battle-space come conduct testing tactics development, and advanced training".


Area 51 was produced during the Cold War in between the US and the Soviet Union as a experimentation and development facility because that aircraft, including the U-2 and SR-71 Blackbird reconnaissance planes.


Although it opened in 1955, its existence was only officially recognized by the CIA in respectable 2013.


Four months after the CIA's disclosure, chairman Obama came to be the first US chairman to mention Area 51 publicly.


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Although official information is sparse, that is believed that the us military proceeds to use Area 51 to build cutting-edge aircraft. Around 1,500 world are believed to job-related there, numerous commuting ~ above charter flights from ras Vegas.


Annie Jacobsen, who has written about the history of Area 51, said the buzzpatterson.com that some of the world's most progressed espionage programmes are at the site.


"Area 51 is a test and training facility. The research started with the U-2 spy plane in the 1950s and has now relocated on to drones", she says.


Most well known is the claim that the site hosts an alien spacecraft and also the bodies of the pilots, after castle crashed in ~ Roswell, new Mexico, in 1947. The US federal government says there were no aliens and also the crashed craft was a weather balloon.


Others claim to have seen UFOs above or near the site, while part say they have been abducted by aliens, and also even experimented on, prior to being went back to Earth.


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Image source, Getty Images

And, in 1989, a man named Robert Lazar declared he had functioned on alien technology inside Area 51. He asserted to have actually seen clinical photographs that aliens and that the federal government used the facility to examine UFOs.


Area 51's association v aliens may have served together a useful distraction because that the intelligence agencies.

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"As early on as 1950 the CIA emerged a UFO office to resolve the sightings the unidentified flying objects end Nevada. As soon as people first saw the U-2 spy plane flying, no one knew what they to be seeing," claims Ms Jacobsen.


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Area 51 in numbers

1955Year basic opened

2013Year its existence was first officially acknowledged

2.3 milesLength of longest runway

1,500 Number of civilization who room thought to occupational at the facility

Source: buzzpatterson.com

Matty Roberts, 20, produced a Facebook event proposing that "we have the right to run faster than your bullets. Let's watch them aliens". Two million world said they to be "going", back a attached festival has since been moved because of fears of a "possible humanitarian disaster".