You are watching: How fast did felix baumgartner fall
An picture from Oct. 14, 2012, mirrors pilot Felix Baumgartner as he jumps the end of the capsule throughout the last manned flight for Red Bull Stratos. Follow to the main numbers released on Monday, the Austrian parachutist known as "Fearless Felix" got to 843.6 mph. That's tantamount to Mach 1.25, or 1.25 times the speed of sound. His top speed at first was approximated at 834 mph, or Mach 1.24.Uncredited / Red Bull Stratos via AP
Supersonic skydiver Felix Baumgartner was quicker than the or anyone rather thought during his record-setting jump critical October native 24 mile up.
The Austrian parachutist known as "Fearless Felix" got to 843.6 mph (1,357.6 kilometers per hour), according to main numbers exit Monday. That"s indistinguishable to Mach 1.25, or 1.25 time the rate of sound.
His optimal speed at first was approximated at 10 mph slower at 834 mph (1,342.2 kilometers per hour), or Mach 1.24.
Either way, he came to be the an initial human to rest the sound obstacle with just his body. The wore a pressurized suit and also hopped from a capsule hoisted by a large helium balloon over new Mexico.
Baumgartner was supersonic for a half-minute — "quite remarkable," follow to Brian Utley, the record-keeping main who was current for the Oct. 14 feat.
The 43-year-old"s heart rate remained listed below 185 beats a minute, and also his breathing was relatively steady.
The leap was from one altitude the 127,852 feet (38,969 meters). That"s 248 feet (75.6 meters) reduced than initial estimates, yet still stratospheric.
"He jumped from a small bit lower, yet he actually went a small bit faster, which to be pretty exciting," stated Art Thompson, technical job director because that the Red Bull-sponsored project.
"It"s fun for united state to see reaching Mach speeds and proving the end a many the safety and security systems," Thompson said in a phone call interview from his aerospace agency in Lancaster, Calif.
No big surprisesThompson said everything pretty lot unfolded as anticipated, with no large surprises in the final report. The updated documents were listed by Utley, official observer for the national Aeronautic Association"s contest and records board. Utley was in Roswell, N.M., because that Baumgartner"s grand finale adhering to two check jumps.
Based on all the data accumulated from sensors ~ above Baumgartner"s suit, Utley established that Baumgartner was 34 seconds right into his jump once he got to Mach 1. The rate for break the sound barrier depends ~ above the temperature in ~ a provided altitude; because that Baumgartner, that came together simply shy that 110,000 feet (33,528 meters).
He reached peak speed by the moment he to be at 91,300 feet (27,828 meters), 50 seconds into the jump, and was back to subsonic by 75,300 feet (22,951 meters), offer or take, 64 seconds into his free fall.
His entire free fall lasted four minutes, 20 seconds. He used a parachute come cover the last 5,000 feet (1,524 meters), landing ~ above his feet in the desert exterior Roswell.
Not whatever went well.
Baumgartner got in a dreaded level spin while quiet supersonic. He be crazy for 13 secs at about 60 revolutions per minute, do 14 to 16 spins before using his human body to regain control, Thompson said. The skydiver to be well in ~ safety limits the entire time, he noted. Baumgartner"s brain remained under 2G, or two times the force of gravity, during the spin.
If the level spin had lasted longer and also been more severe — exceeding six consistent seconds at 3.5 G — Baumgartner"s drogue, or stabilizing, parachute would have deployed automatically. Medical professionals worried about him blacking out and also suffering a punch or, in the case of a suit tear, his blood boiling at such an extreme altitude. The exterior temperature registered as low together minus 96 degrees Fahrenheit (-71 levels Celsius).
More parachute tests neededIn the foreword the the 71-page report, Baumgartner said he never ever imagined exactly how many people would re-publishing in his dream to make a supersonic complimentary fall from therefore high.
Some 52 million people watched YouTube"s live currently of the exploit.
The scientific and also engineering specialists who helped bring him back alive "broke boundaries in their own fields just together surely as I damaged the sound barrier," Baumgartner wrote.
Baumgartner not correct the ahead record collection by Joe Kittinger, one Air force officer, in 1960. Kittinger did not rather reach supersonic speed during his run from 19.5 miles (31.4 kilometers) up.
Kittinger detailed in the Red Bull Stratos report (Stratos because that stratosphere) the future job-related is needed to test a stabilizing parachute for usage at too much altitudes.
The private project was aimed, native the start, at help future an are crews — whether NASA or advertising — survive high-altitude accidents.
If a extremely trained jumper prefer Baumgartner through 2,500 jumps couldn"t avoid a level spin, "an astronaut, pilot or room tourist can not conquer this turn probability," Kittinger wrote.
Thompson agreed, note that offered the appropriate safety gear and the appropriate conditions, there"s "a far possibility" a an are crew could survive also under such harsh circumstances as were confronted by the room shuttle Columbia astronauts.
All seven astronauts died as Columbia went back to earth on Feb. 1, 2003. Among the crew, Laurel Clark, was married to the previous NASA flight surgeon who led Baumgartner"s medical team, Dr. Jonathan Clark.
See more: Top Quotes From Hillary Clinton Quote What Difference Does It Make
"You never understand what the possibilities space ... That"s the direction we need to look at," Thompson said.