Do you need to buy a main point i9 because that gaming, and also is a core i3 sufficient for general desktop work? How about upgrading come a core i5 if it"s just $50 more, and also how much quicker is that going come be? normally speaking, ours CPU evaluate provide an ext than sufficient data to answer those questions and also then some. In addition, buzzpatterson.com"s basic to follow ideal CPUs overview is consistently updated, so you simply get what you need to know to make an educated buying decision.

You are watching: How fast is an i3 processor

With that said, this evaluation will serve as a great reference because that those wanting to to compare Intel main point i3, i5, i7 and i9 processors directly, and what you get on every jump. It’s rare for us to feature all this processors in a single review due to the fact that they aim at different market segments and budgets. Because that example, as soon as reviewing the main point i3-10100, none of the main point i7 or i9 processors were included, as $400+ components aren’t usually relevant as soon as reviewing one entry-level $100 CPU, so us opt to remove them in an effort to declutter the graphs.

Having recently provided a similar overview because that AMD"s 3rd-gen Ryzen range, it was just logical us did the exact same for Intel, considering the 10th-gen CPUs have actually only been out for a couple of months.

Intel core Lineup Overview

Intel lists 17 separation, personal, instance ‘standard power’ 10th-gen Core desktop processors, despite in truth there’s just a handful of unique models. Because that example, there are two distinctive Core i9 models, the 10900 and the 10900K, yet each has an alternative version without the incorporated graphics -- referred to as the 10900F and 10900KF. However let’s start from the bottom and also work our means up...

The 10th-gen main point i3 range is quite interesting, all models attribute 4 cores and also 8 threads many thanks to Hyper-Threading support. The base i3-10100 design operates at a basic frequency the 3.6 GHz with a max turbo that 4.3 GHz and also packs a 6 MB L3 cache. Climate there’s the main point i3-10300 which it s okay a 100 MHz frequency bang plus a bigger 8 MB L3 cache. Finally, the most powerful Core i3 model accessible right now is the 10320, which runs at even greater clock speeds, raising the base to 3.8 GHz and the max turbo come 4.6 GHz. To represent the main point i3 range today we"ll be utilizing the main point i3-10100.

 Core i3-10100Core i3-10300Core i3-10320
List Price$122$143$154
Current Retail$130$158$172
Cores / Threads4 /8
Base Frequency3.6 GHz3.7 GHz3.8 GHz
Max Turbo4.3 GHz4.4 GHz4.6 GHz
L3 Cache6 MB8 MB 
iGPU ModelUHD graphics 630  
TDP65 watt

The 10th-gen core i5 series consists that the 10400, 10400F, 10500, 10600, 10600K and also the 10600KF as shown in the table below. The six models feature 6 cores, 12 threads and also a 12MB L3 cache. The non-K models are rated v a 65-watt TDP while the unlocked K SKUs fill a 125-watt TDP.

The difference between the 10400, 10500 and 10600 is 200 come 300 MHz, it is it, and since they’re locked parts you won’t be may be to readjust that. The 10600K and also its F different are totally unlocked, noted you’re using a Z-series motherboard, they can be overclocked.

 Core i5 10400Core i5 10400FCore i5 10500Core i5 10600Core i5 10600KCore i5 10600KF
List Price$182$157$192$213$262$237
Current Retail$182$170$233$288$306N/A
Cores / Threads6 / 12
Base Frequency2.9 GHz3.1 GHz3.3 GHz4.1 GHz
Max Turbo4.3 GHz4.5 GHz4.8 GHz
L3 Cache12 MB
iGPUUHD graphic 630N/AUHD graphic 630UHD graphics 630UHD graphic 630N/A
TDP65 watt125 watt

The core i7 range is rather simplified, there room two distinct 8-core/16-thread models. The core i7-10700 is the locked part, it operation at a 2.9 GHz base clock through a max turbo the 4.8 GHz, vice versa, the 10700K is unlocked and also out of package runs at 3.8 GHz because that the base and also 5.1 GHz for the boost. The locked design receives a 65-watt TDP rating and also the unlocked part a 125-watt TDP. Both function a 16 MB L3 cache.

 Core i7-10700Core i7-10700FCore i7-10700KCore i7-10700KF
List Price$323$298$374$349
Current Retail$329N/A$410N/A
Cores / Threads8 / 16
Base Frequency2.9 GHz3.8 GHz
Max Turbo4.8 GHz5.1 GHz
L3 Cache16 MB
iGPUUHD graphic 630N/AUHD graphic 630N/A
TDP65 watt125 watt

Finally, we have the mighty main point i9 selection offering 10 cores/20 threads and also a 20 MB L3 cache. Over there are four models, 2 of which room F variants. The 10900 is the basic model and as a 65-watt component it features a rather low 2.8 GHz base frequency v a 5.1 GHz turbo. Then there’s the unlocked 10900K that many thanks to a higher 125 watt TDP rating, it clocks no reduced than 3.7 GHz with a max turbo an increase of 5.2 GHz.

 Core i9-10900Core i9-10900FCore i9-10900KCore i9-10900KF
List Price$439$422$488$472
Current Retail$480N/A$530N/A
Cores / Threads10 / 20
Base Frequency2.8 GHz3.7 GHz
Max Turbo5.1 GHz5.2 GHz
L3 Cache20 MB
iGPUUHD graphics 630N/AUHD graphic 630N/A
TDP65 watt125 watt

Unfortunately, ideal now countless of these 10th-gen core processors are either out of share or are marketing well end the MSRP. That a turbulent time because that supply and also on height of the Intel’s been experiencing 14nm shortages because that what seems prefer years now. So getting your hand on the main point i9-10900K right now is practically impossible and an excellent luck obtaining one for almost everywhere near $500.

For this overview, we’ll greatly be concentrating on the 125 watt components in the main point i5, main point i7 and Core i9 range, though we"ve also been able to secure the 65 watt core i5-10400 and Core i3-10100.

For trial and error we"re utilizing our conventional memory configuration, fully populating one Asus ROG Maximus XII excessive wit 4 8GB G.Skill FlareX CL14 modules because that a 32GB capacity. As usual we’re also relying on one RTX 2080 Ti to minimize potential GPU bottlenecks, enabling us to take it a better look at the yes, really CPU performance.

Benchmarks

Starting through Cinebench R20 we find that the 10400 is just shy of 50% much faster than the 10100, which makes sense provided the i5 processor package 50% an ext cores and also clock speeds are about the same. Then we watch a 13% jump from the 10400 come the 10600K and also this difference is a an outcome of the operation clock speed, and also of course, offered that the K SKU part is unlocked, that margin can be increased more by overclocking.

*

Then we watch an practically 40% increase when going native the 10600K to the 10700K and also of course it is largely because of a 33% increase in core count, with the remainder clock speed associated as the i7 processor clocks about 6% higher. Ultimately we check out another big jump in performance v the 10900K, despite this time only a ~29% increase as the main point count has actually only been increased by 25% and also clock speeds are lot the same.

*

As for single core power the 10900K produced the highest possible score here, beating the 10700K by a 7% margin and the 10600K through a 14% margin if the 10100 and also 10400 to be comparable.

*

By much the most significant performance gains viewed in the 7-Zip document manager compression test space seen when moving from the 4-core core i3-10100 to the 6-core 10400, which renders sense offered this is the most far-reaching increase in loved one core count. The 10400 to be 55% faster than the 10100, while the 10600K to be a additional 8% faster.

Then we see a 30% rise from the 10600K to the 10700K which isn’t insignificant, but you could definitely argue that the 16% rise seen as soon as going indigenous the 10700K to the 10900K is, at the an extremely least these outcomes would make it an overwhelming to justify the 30% increase in MSRP.

*

Decompression power is much enhanced as right here we’re maybe to far better utilize Hyper-Threading and also as a result the 10900K is now 36% quicker than the 10700K, and that provides it much simpler to justify the 30% price premium for the 10-core processor.


*

For any kind of serious rendering-type workloads you’ll want to stop the core i3 range when possible. Spending a bit more on the core i5-10400, for example, will certainly net you roughly 50% an ext performance. Granted it likewise costs ~50% much more though the won’t be the instance once you variable in the entire price of the machine. In reality, we’re talking about $50 and that renders the 10400 a much far better buy if you plan to perform some rendering.

Again we can see that the difference in between the 10400 and also 10600K is an extremely small, at the very least out the the box. Therefore if you going come buy the 10600K, you desire to overclock it, otherwise you might too save the $70-$80 and just gain the locked 10400. Ideally, for this kind of workload you’ll desire something prefer the 10700K or 10900K, if you"re solely shopping Intel, that course. The 10700K readily available a 37% performance rise over the 10600K if the 10900K to be a additional 33% faster.

*

Code compilation performance is similar to what was uncovered in the Blender test. We’re looking at a 50% power uplift as soon as going indigenous the 10100 to the 10400. From the 10600K to the 10700K you’re again looking at a 30% power increase and also then another 30% come the 10900K.

*

The spare are much less predictable for video clip production work. Here the core i3-10100 fairs rather well, at the very least for the editing part of the job. The 10400 was just 15% faster, if the 10600K was simply a few percent much faster than the locked i5 model. Interestingly, we do see a reasonable boost in performance to the 10700K, but then only a very small step approximately the 10900K, arguing that 8 cores/16 threads is the sweet spot because that this application.

*

Scaling is much more consistent in Adobe Premiere Pro, whereby we see reasonably consistent power gains together the main point count increases. Because that example, we view a 25% boost when going native the 10100 to the 10400, and also a 16% boost from the 10700K come the 10900K.

*

Adobe Photoshop largely relies on single core performance, and for that same reason we didn’t mean to view a 47% performance rise from the core i3-10100 to the main point i9-10900K. The i9 processor does reap a clock speed advantage as well together a much bigger L3 cache.


*

The margins viewed in After impacts are an ext in line with our Photoshop expectations. The 10900K is 35% quicker than the 10100, despite the 10700K and also 10600K are just 20% faster. It’s amazing to check out the 10600K and 10700K producing the very same score, while the 10900K is roughly 13% faster, this is clearly a an outcome of higher sustained frequencies.

Power Consumption

The core i9-10900K is a beast, pushing full system intake to 300 watts, a 70 watt boost from the 10700K. On the other hand the 10700K thrust system intake just 30 watts greater than the 10600K.

*

Gaming Performance

Time for a look in ~ gaming power and an initial up we have actually Battlefield V in ~ 1080p with the ultra quality preset using an RTX 2080 Ti. The 10900K and 10700K are both GPU limited and together a result they delivered the same average and 1% low performance. The 10600K additionally managed to create the very same average frame rate however slipped away from the 1% low, trailing by one 8% margin.

*

We see a additional 6% decline in performance through the 10400 and also then a rather large 22% autumn off through the 10100. However, by increasing the resolution come 1440p because that a much more realistic check scenario, we discover very little difference in performance in between the 10400, 10600K, 10700K and 10900K. In fact, the average frame rates are virtually similar while the 10900K is at many 10% faster than the 10400 once comparing the 1% short performance.

*

All the said, the main point i3-10100 does quiet trail by a remarkable margin and also while the performance is far from poor, you will at time be may be to notification the difference between the 10100 and also 10400.

*

*

Far Cry brand-new Dawn is really sensitive come clock frequency and also cache performance, therefore we watch a reasonably large performance uplift when relocating from the 10100 come the 10400. The i5 processor was approximately 25% faster. The course, the run from the 10400 to the 10600K is lot smaller and also the 8% boost is in line v the clock frequency difference.

Then we’re looking at a further 9% boost when stepping as much as the 10700K and the i7 part basically matched the 10900K.

As we’ve seen countless times in the past, enhancing the resolution come 1440p deserve to actually boost CPU load and also as a result processors that were already struggling, prefer the core i3-10100, fall further behind the competition. Below the 10400 go from 25% quicker at 1080p come 31% much faster at 1440p.


*

*

Next we have actually the Gears tactics results and also here we’re looking at similar performance using either the 10600K, 10700K or 10900K. It’s just the main point i3-10100 that struggles, rolling the 10400 by up to a 20% margin.

Increasing the resolution to 1440p sees that margin lessened drastically, under to just 7% together the video game becomes primarily GPU limited.

*

*

For titles favor Ghost Recon Breakpoint the aren’t particularly CPU sensitive, you won’t an alert a big difference between the main point i3-10100 and also Core i9-10900K. This is especially true when experimentation under an ext realistic conditions such as 1440p. Right here the 10900K was approximately 7% much faster than the 10100 and also on typical rendered just 3 frames much more per second. For this reason for games that nothing require much more than 4 cores and also aren’t perceptible to CPU performance, these space the type of spare you deserve to expect to find between these 10th-gen main point processors.

*

*

In Rainbow 6 Siege the 10700K and also 10900K are seen carrying virtually similar performance at 1080p. The 10600K is an extremely close, though we carry out see a 12% palliation in 1% low performance. As supposed the 10600K and also 10400 room very similar and then we check out a additional 17% reduction through the core i3-10100.

However, when again we discover when increasing the resolution to 1440p, the included strain on the GPU is enough to almost totally eliminate the fps margins. Below the main point i5, i7 and also i9 processors all supply virtually the same level the performance, if the i3-10100 is as much as 13% slower as soon as comparing the 1% short results.


*

*

Certainly among the most CPU demanding games that we right now test with is zero of the tomb Raider and for this one girlfriend ideally desire a 6-core/12-thread processor. The main point i5 models aren’t much behind the 8 and 10-core i7 and also i9 components whereas the quad-core core i3-10100 is up to 39% slower.

Increasing the resolution to 1440p to reduce the margins between the i5, i7 and also i9 processors drastically. Now the 10900K is only 12% quicker than the core i5-10400 when comparing the 1% short performance. However, when contrasted to the core i3-10100, it’s approximately 33% faster and also even the 10400 is 19% much faster when compare 1% low performance. So not an ideal game because that those utilizing quad-core processors and we’ll for sure see more of this relocating forward.

*

*

The last video game in our benchmark ring is Red Dead Redemption 2 and also here us have one more title the doesn"t play particularly well v quad-core processors, even those with SMT support. Return we see virtually similar performance between the miscellaneous i5, i7 and also i9 processors, the core i3-10100 was approximately 27% slower.

Increasing the resolution come 1440p did drastically reduce that margin and also now the core i3-10100 was just 14% slower 보다 the 10900K and 9% slower than the 10400, when using one RTX 2080 Ti.

What us Learned

For budget plan gaming PCs, or general computing needs, the main point i3-10100 functions well enough. For no a an excellent deal much more though, we carry out feel the main point i5-10400 is a much better investment. The main point i3-10300 and also 10320 might fare a little better thanks come the larger L3 cache capacity and the slightly greater clock frequencies, however considering both are more expensive, it makes even more sense to just acquire the core i5 chip.

If girlfriend can uncover it and plan on making use of a discrete graphic card, the core i5-10400F is the way to go. This part might even be much better value than the Ryzen 5 3600, which is saying something. At approximately $160, that a mighty tempting different so store that in mind.

Beyond that, the core i5-10500 and 10600 definitely won’t be precious the price premium, at the very least not in ~ the present asking prices. Even the 10600K is a stretch in ~ a small over $300, though if you arrangement to overclock then it deserve to make sense for high refresh rate gaming.

See more: How I Met Your Mother Ted And Robin, Ted, Barney And Robin

The core i7-10700K is likewise a little overpriced appropriate now and also at $410 you really have actually to be able to put those 8 cores to work. The core i9-10900K is a beast of a processor, but at $530 the ~$100 much more than AMD"s 12-core/24-thread Ryzen 9 3900X, and also that’s a big problem for Intel. Though maybe an also bigger problem is its lack of availability.