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Born:October 7, 1952 (age 69)St. PetersburgRussia...(Show more)Title / Office:president (2012-), Russiaprime minister (2008-2012), Russiapresident (2000-2008), Russiaprime minister (1999-2000), Russia...(Show more)Political Affiliation:United Russia...(Show more)Role In:Beslan college attackStrategic eight Reduction TalksSyrian civil War...(Show more)

Vladimir Putin is a previous Russian knowledge officer and also a politician who has served as president the Russia indigenous 1999 come 2008 and from 2012 to the present. That was additionally the country’s element minister in 1999 and also from 2008 to 2012.


Vladimir Putin served for 15 years as a foreign intelligence officer in the KGB, the foreign intelligence and domestic security agency of the Soviet Union. In 1990 he retired from active KGB business with the rank of sublieutenant colonel.


When Vladimir Putin was called president in 1999, Russia’s constitution restricted the president to 2 consecutive terms. It is why, ~ his second term finished in 2008, he served as prime minister before ending up being president again in 2012. However, in January 2020 Putin drafted a constitutional amendment that would enable him to continue to be president for two more terms. The was had in a parcel of amendments the was authorized by the Russian legislative and, in July, through Russian voter in a national referendum.


Why is Vladimir Putin threaten Ukraine?

After the Soviet Union’s fallen in 1991, Russian leaders wanted to maintain and expand Russia’s decades-long supremacy of Ukraine. In 2014 Russia occupied the Crimean Peninsula in southerly Ukraine by force. Vladimir Putin consequently threatened Ukraine with more military joining in order come take an ext territory.


How has actually Vladimir Putin adjusted Russia?

In the two years of Vladimir Putin’s reign, he has actually consolidated his rule and also projected come the Russian people photo of Russia together a worldwide power. That turned Russia indigenous a nascent autonomous state right into an autocratic one, broadened Russia’s affect in the center East, strengthened Russian relationships with China, and displayed a willingness come use force to accomplish his goals, as in Crimea in 2014.


Vladimir Putin, in complete Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, (born October 7, 1952, Leningrad, Russia, U.S.S.R. ), Russian intelligence officer and also politician who offered as president (1999–2008, 2012– ) the Russia and also was the country’s prime minister (1999, 2008–12).

Early career

Putin studied regulation at Leningrad State University, where his tutor to be Anatoly Sobchak, later on one that the top reform politicians of the perestroika period. Putin offered 15 years together a foreign intelligence officer for the KGB (Committee for State Security), consisting of six year in Dresden, eastern Germany. In 1990 he retirement from energetic KGB business with the location of sublievenant colonel and also returned come Russia to end up being prorector the Leningrad State college with duty for the institution’s exterior relations. Quickly afterward Putin became an torture to Sobchak, the an initial democratically chosen mayor that St. Petersburg. He quickly won Sobchak’s confidence and became recognized for his capacity to gain things done; by 1994 he had actually risen come the article of first deputy mayor.

In 1996 Putin moved to Moscow, wherein he join the presidential staff as deputy come Pavel Borodin, the Kremlin’s chief administrator. Putin prospered close to fellow Leningrader Anatoly Chubais and also moved up in governmental positions. In July 1998 Pres. Boris Yeltsin do Putin director of the federal Security organization (FSB; the KGB’s residential successor), and shortly thereafter he came to be secretary of the influential Security Council. Yeltsin, who was in search of an heir to i think his mantle, appointed Putin element minister in 1999.

Although he was basically unknown, Putin’s public-approval ratings soared once he introduced a well-organized armed forces operation versus secessionist rebels in Chechnya. Wearied by year of Yeltsin’s erratic behaviour, the Russian public evaluate Putin’s coolness and also decisiveness under pressure. Putin’s support for a brand-new electoral bloc, Unity, ensured its success in the December houses of parliament elections.

First and 2nd terms together president that Russia

On December 31, 1999, Yeltsin unexpectedly announced his resignation and named Putin exhilaration president. Promising to rebuild a weakened Russia, the austere and also reserved Putin quickly won the in march 2000 vote with about 53 percent the the vote. As president, that sought to finish corruption and create a strongly regulated industry economy.

Putin quickly reasserted manage over Russia’s 89 regions and also republics, splitting them right into seven brand-new federal districts, every headed through a representative appointed by the president. He also removed the appropriate of regional governors to sit in the Federation Council, the upper home of the Russian parliament. Putin relocated to reduce the power of Russia’s unpopular financiers and also media tycoons—the so-called “oligarchs”—by closing numerous media outlets and also launching criminal proceedings against numerous top figures. He confronted a daunting situation in Chechnya, particularly from rebels that staged terrorist attacks in Moscow and also guerilla strikes on Russian troops from the ar mountains; in 2002 Putin declared the military project over, but casualties remained high.

Putin strongly objected to U.S. Pres. George W. Bush’s decision in 2001 to give up the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. In solution to the September 11 attacks on the United claims in 2001, that pledged Russia’s assistance and also cooperation in the U.S.-led campaign against terrorists and their allies, offering the usage of Russia’s airspace because that humanitarian deliveries and aid in search-and-rescue operations. Nevertheless, Putin join German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder and also French Pres. Jacques Chirac in 2002–03 to protest U.S. And British plans to use pressure to oust Saddam Hussein’s federal government in Iraq.

Overseeing an economy that delighted in growth after ~ a an extensive recession in the 1990s, Putin was conveniently reelected in in march 2004. In parliamentary poll in December 2007, Putin’s party, united Russia, won an overwhelming majority of seats. Though the same of the vote was doubted by global observers and by the Communist Party that the Russian Federation, the results nonetheless affirmed Putin’s power. Through a constitution provision forcing Putin to action down in 2008, he made decision Dmitry Medvedev together his successor.

Putin as prime minister

Soon after ~ Medvedev winner the march 2008 presidential election by a landslide, Putin announced the he had embraced the place of chairman the the united Russia party. Confirming widespread expectations, Medvedev nominated Putin together the country’s element minister within hours of taking office on may 7, 2008. Russia’s parliament evidenced the appointment the adhering to day. Although Medvedev grew more assertive together his term progressed, Putin was still related to as the main power within the Kremlin.

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While part speculated the Medvedev can run because that a second term, that announced in September 2011 the he and also Putin would—pending a joined Russia victory at the polls—trade positions. Extensive irregularities in parliamentary elections in December 2011 motivated a tide of popular protest, and also Putin faced a surprisingly strong opposition activity in the presidential race. On march 4, 2012, however, Putin was chosen to a third term together Russia’s president. In advancement of his inauguration, Putin resigned as united Russia chairman, handing regulate of the party come Medvedev. He was inaugurated together president on might 7, 2012, and one of his first acts top top assuming office to be to nominate Medvedev to offer as prime minister.