Death sink is well known as the hottest ar on earth and also driest location in north America. The human being record greatest air temperature the 134°F (57°C) was taped at furnace Creek ~ above July 10, 1913. Summer temperatures frequently top 120°F (49°C) in the shade v overnight lows dipping right into the 90s°F (mid-30s°C.) typical rainfall is less than 2 customs (5 cm), a fraction of what many deserts receive. Sometimes thunderstorms, specifically in late summer, can reason flash floods.
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In comparison to the extremes of summertime, winter and spring are very pleasant. Winter daytime temperatures are mild in the low elevations, with cool nights the only sometimes reach freezing. Higher elevations space cooler 보다 the short valley. Temperatures drop 3 come 5°F (2 to 3°C) through every thousands vertical feet gained(approx. 300m). Sunny skies are the norm in death Valley, yet winter storms and summer monsoons can lug cloud cover and rain. Wind is common in the desert, particularly in the spring. Dust storms can suddenly punch up through approaching cold fronts.
Why is fatality Valley"s climate therefore extreme?Why therefore Dry?
Winter storms moving inland from the Pacific Ocean need to pass over hill ranges to proceed east. As the clouds increase up lock cool and also the humidity condenses to fall as rain or eye on the western next of the ranges. By the moment the clouds reach the mountains" eastern side lock no longer have actually as much available moisture, creating a dry "rainshadow". Four major mountain varieties lie in between Death Valley and the ocean, every one adding to an increasingly drier rainshadow effect.Why for this reason Hot?
The depth and shape of fatality Valley influence its summer temperatures. The valley is a long, narrow container 282 feet (86 m) below sea level, yet is walled by high, steep mountain ranges. The clear, dry air and sparse plant cover allow sunlight to warm the desert surface. Warmth radiates ago from the rocks and soil, then becomes trapped in the valley"s depths. Summer nights provide small relief as overnight lows may only dip into the 85°F to 95°F (30°C come 35°C) range. Heated waiting rises,cools before it have the right to rise end the valley"s mountain walls, and is recycled ago down come the valley floor. These pockets of descending wait are just slightly cooler than the surrounding hot air. Together they descend, they room compressed and also heated even more by the short elevation air pressure. These relocating masses of supervisor heated air blow through the valley, creating extreme high temperatures.
A location of numerous Weather RecordsRecord Temperatures
The hottest air temperature ever before recorded in fatality Valley (Furnace Creek) was 134°F (57°C) top top July 10, 1913. During the heat wave that peaked through that record, five consecutive days reached 129° F (54°C) or above. Death Valley stop the document for the hottest place on earth.Oddly enough, 1913 was also the year that saw death Valley"s coldest temperature. Top top January 8, the temperature dropped come 15°F (-10°C) at furnace Creek.Longest Summers
The greatest number of consecutive days through a maximum temperature of 100° F or above was 154 work in the summer of 2001. The summer of 1996 had actually 40 days end 120° F, and also 105 days end 110° F. The summer that 1917 had 43 consecutive days v a high temperature the 120° F or above.Highest floor temperatures
The greatest ground temperature recorded was 201° F at heater Creek ~ above July 15, 1972. The maximum waiting temperature for that day to be 128° F.Dry as a bone
No rain was taped in the years of 1929 and also 1953. The driest stretch on record was only 0.64 inches (1.6cm) that rain end a 40-month duration in 1931 to 1934.
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Weather data was compiled indigenous park and also National Weather organization record recaps for the years 1911 through 2007 for furnace Creek in death Valley, California.